The World is both Good and Bad. For every act of good there is around one act of evil. Some of these acts of evil or wrong doing is systematic and is not administered in the means of truth and a sense of Justice. This systematic action of evil can only be countered by Social Justice. Social Justice is a form of Justice that seeks to even the playing field for all people's no matter what immutable characteristics they may possess. This is done by breaking down the privileges some groups might have over others without merit or just cause. This can be done with redistribution of wealth, reparations, equality acts and other forms of breaking down inequitable situations.
The Trojans and The Dragons
For 1 Million years The Trojans have been enslaved by The Dragons. Everyday for those million years The Dragons have beaten, worked and impoverish The Trojans and made them to live worse than the dirt. After a million years, The Trojans rise and declare war on The Dragons. After ten years of bloodshed, The Trojans are victorious. What is to come after The Trojan Dragon War? What would be Justice? Would Justice be to enslave The Dragons for one million years? Perhaps if The Dragons who enslaved The Trojans were to live for those 1 Million years. Unless, The Dragons are immortal and cannot have offspring, then a 1 million years enslavement of All Dragons to live in the next million years would not be Justice. How about reparations? This would be better, especially if the debt is being given by The Dragons who enslaved the Trojans or the government of The Dragons were to distribute the funds to The Trojans. What of the sons and daughters of The Dragons though. Still it would be Justice, for The sons and daughter of The slave holder Dragons would have a higher place than The Trojans due to the million years on enslavement. This would redistribute the wealth that has been stolen from The Trojans and level the playing field. Would there be enough wealth to go around however? Yes, for the wealth generated by The Trojans would still exist and giving those earning to The Trojans would give them what they created in The first place. This is Social Justice.
In Today's World, many peoples of poorer nations did not become poor by their own doing. They became poor due to more powerful nations conquering, colonizing and/or exploiting the resources and people's of these less powerful nations. Social Justice would seek to give these peoples back their lands and their stolen resources from those who stole from them.
This situation can happen within a nation's own borders as well. By denying some people of property and wealth opportunity, a nation can deprive a group of people of wealth building. This is done by either prevented certain people from making certain financial transactions, such as opening a checking account, or by denying them from living in certain area, red lining. Social Justice would fix this by removing these barriers and giving those the denied people, the wealth and land lost by these wrong doings.
Social Justice movements
Throughout the times of The World, there has been several different Social Justice movements. These movements to take to action social change for the betterment of all of humanity.
International Social Justice Movements
One international social justice movement is The Animal Rights Movement. Animal Rights are rights on animals that are not homo sapiens, to not be and/or treated badly by humanity for either entertainment or food production. The members of this movements may have many diverse and divergent views and philosophies on Animal Rights, but the core movement itself is based on Eastern Religions and Philosophies like Jainism and Buddhism, which usually gives value to non-human animals, opposing Western Religions and philosophies such as Christianity and Judaism, which put man above other animals and dictates that humans can use them as they see fit. The Animal Right philosophy began in the late 1800's by Jeremy Bentham, an early speaker of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism, also known as Normative Ethics, is an ethical system in which an action is just if it falls towards creating happiness and wrong if said action leads to suffering. With Utilitarianism and Eastern Philosophy combined, an Animal Rights Movement forming into existence seemed to be inevitable. According to The New York Times, in 1984, The animal rights movement had 50,000 members. According PETA (People for The Ethical Treatment of Animals), their organization, which is an Animal Right Organization, boasts a whooping 3 Million members/supporters. If PETA was all there was to The Animal Rights Movement, then that alone would have increased the number of members/supporters by 5900 percent! But as we all know, PETA is not the only organization within the Animal Rights movement. So maybe the true number of members could be in the hundreds of millions if not the billions amount of people. Or perhaps PETA is lying about their numbers, we may not have a way to tell, either way, the movement has only grown over time.
Another International Social Justice movement is the Gay Rights Movement, also known as The Gay Liberation Movement. This movement advocates for LGBTQ+(Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, Queer, and more) to have equal to those who have a Straight sexual orientation. A few policies and actions that fight for equality are: eliminating sodomy laws, employment discrimination, discrimination in credit housing, discrimination in public accommodations, elimination of conversion camps (camps that seek to make a person straight, which do not work because one does not choose to be LGBTQ+ or Straight, plus even if it was a choice people should still the right to have and act out whichever sexual orientation they please, also gender is a social construct and changing genders should be accepted as well) and general acceptance in society.
A third International Social Justice movement is The Women's Rights Movement also known as Women's Liberation Movement. With its core in The United States of America, Women's Rights began in 1960's under the banner of Second Wave Feminism. First Wave Feminism sought to secure in the law, the right to vote for Women, Second Wave Feminism set to make progress off the backs off First Wave Feminism by setting Women free from the forced house wife position, allowing them to have jobs and careers and to make decision for themselves without the approval of their husbands and/or men in general. This movement has spread across The World and seeks to liberate all women from the shackles of patriarchy to this day.
American Social Justice Movements
In The United States, there have been several Social Justice causes throughout its short time of being a nation. The First Social Justice Movement in The United States of America, began before the formation of The United States of America. In 1765, The Son's of Liberty was formed. The Son's of Liberty fought back against The Stamp Act which was a tax on stamps imposed by The British government on The American Colonist. The Son's of Liberty fought back by Propaganda, Petitions and acts of violence against British Officials. The Son's of Liberty were the primeval force against The English Monarchy and this antagonism against The British Crown would eventually begin The Revolutionary War. Another one of the first Social Justice movements in The United States is Abolition. Abolition's goal was to end the long barbaric system known as The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Chattel Slavery. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was a European and American trade and transportation of enslaved African People through the Atlantic Ocean to Europe and America from Western Africa. Chattel Slavery, was an uniquely inhumane and cruel form of slavery that involved not just forced labor, but forced sex, forced breeding and treatment worse than that of non-human animals; and the appointment as slave was, the vast majority of time, a life sentence. While a lot of the world was ending slavery, The United States was lagging behind and has to fight its bloodiest war in its existence to end it. This war was known as The Civil War. After the war, besides for freak rare cases of unknowingness or mishandling of enforcement, slavery in The United States had ended. This was not enough however to truly bring Social Justice to those who had been enslaved before. Since the failure of reconstruction of the south, Jim Crow laws had been enforced in not just the South, but in some places in the north because of racist propaganda such as Minstrel Shows and The First Blockbuster in History, The Birth of a Nation (1915).
These Jim Crow laws, which systematically separated Whites and Blacks by law, spawned a new Social Justice Movement known as The Civil Rights Movement. Starting in 1954 and ending in 1968, The Civil Rights Movement sought to end racial discrimination and segregation, i.e Jim Crow Laws, and bring equality of all races in The United States and to some, The World. The Civil Rights movement was successful in destroying the codification of blatant racist laws in The United States, but has failed to end societal racism which still endures into Today's World. Social Justice groups to this day are still fighting to end racial discrimination that might be hidden behind certain terms such as voter I.D. and such and the ultimate goal is to end racism all together, especially since race is just made up by humans to keep the powerful, powerful by breaking down the less powerful into cliches and in groups to fight each other as opposed to them.
Another Social Justice movement in The United States is The Hippy Movement. The Hippy movement was a counterculture that fought back against The American Mainstream at the time. This was expressed through drug-use and free love.
English Social Justice Movement
The United Kingdom has a few Social Justice movements within its time as well. One of those movements was known as The Anti-Fascist Movement. This movement began as an opposing force to British Union of Fascists which was led by Oswald Mosley. The Anti-Fascist Movement was ultimately successful and fascism was never able to take over The United Kingdom.
Italian Social Justice Movement
In the late 19th century, Irredentist was a movement made by Italian Patriots to remove foreign powers from control of Italy. These foreign powers were Britain, France, Switzerland and Austria. Irredentist sought to liberate the territories of Malta, Nice, Ticino, Gorizia, Corsica, Istria and Trieste. With some success, today these territories all not all part of Italy. Malta Today is it's own country, Nice is in France, Ticino is in Switzerland, Gorizia is in Italy, Corsica is in France, Istria is in both Croatia and Slovenia, and Trieste is in Italy. So 2 out of the 7 territories ended up in Today's Italy. Not a very successful movement.
Brazilian Social Justice Movement
In Brazil, Tenetismo was a Social Justice Movement in the 1920's made up by Idealistic, young Army Officers of The Brazilian Army who were of lower-middle class status. Tenetismo revolted and rebelled against The Brazilian order for national reform and Social Justice. Tenetismo was successful in the long run; in 1967, one of their own members, Artur de Costa e Silva became President of Brazil.
German Social Justice Movement
In Germany, a group known as Young Germany, was a social reform and literary movement inspired by The French Revolution. Forming around 1830, Young Germany was against extremism in both nationalism and romanticism. Young Germany was for the most part unsuccessful due to lack of any Social Power and strong Jewish influence, which was not seen too well in Germany, or most Europe, at the time.
French Social Justice Movement
During The French Revolution, there was a group of extremist militant supporters of The French Revolution known as Sansculotte. Sansculotte saw themselves as The Leaders of The People due to their low status and fought against The French Monarchy pugnaciously. While The French Revolution against The Crown was successful, Sansculotte not so much. The command of The Sansculotte fell after the capital punishment of their Leader Jacques-René Hébert in March of 1794 and ended in the public eye in 1795 after the loss inThe Popular uprising in Germinal and Prairial.
Chinese Social Justice Movements
The May Fourth Movement, was a national independence movement from 1917-1921, led by intellectuals. The May Fourth movement sought to escape the grips of Japanese rule over Chinese territories due to the frail Chinese government. On May 4th 1919, students from thirteen local universities met in Beijing and wrote down five resolutions:
1. to oppose the granting of Shandong to the Japanese under former German concessions.
2. to draw and increase awareness of China's precarious position to the masses in China.
3. to recommend a large-scale gathering in Beijing.
4. to promote the creation of a Beijing student union.
5. to hold a demonstration that afternoon in protest to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
Later that day, 4000 student Marched in front of Tianimen and shouted in protest.