The Start of Rome
The Trojan War was a Super Awesome Powerful Legendary War between The Trojans of Troja(Troy) and The Classical World (Greeks). The Classical World Won The War with the Trojan Horse. The Warriors of The Classical World hid inside The Trojan Horse which was a giant wooden horse that acted as a surrendering gift to The Trojans. The Trojans did not think twice about bringing this ‘gift’ into their city walls of Troja. That night, The Trojans threw a Party and become quite intoxicated. When the time was right, The Classical World Warriors came out of The Trojan Horse and lay siege to Troja. The Classical World claimed Victory in The Trojan War. Not all Trojans were slaughtered however and escaped from the ruins of their once great city. On the way to their final destination, they are believed to have been seafaring raiders known as The Sea People who are named the ones responsible for The Bronze Age Collapse, The First Ever recorded Dark Age in History. The fleeing Trojans would eventually make their way to the land of Latium. This land in Italy would especially be called Rome!
Romulus and RemUs
The Founding of Rome cannot be told without the Legendary story of how it was founded. The Story of Romulus and Remus. Alba Longa, a kingdom in Italy, had a King. King Numiton is The Grandfather of who would be the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus.
Numiton had a brother named Amuliud. Amuliud was jealous and wanted to take Numiton's place as King of Alba Longa. Amuliud slains Numiton and his son then kidnaps Numiton's daughter Rhea Silvia. In order to stop any legitimate opposition for the throne, Amuliud forces Rhea Silvia to become a vestal virgin & unless you are Holy Mary, thou need to have coutius in order to beget children. However, this would not stop the fate of Amuliud's demise for The Roman god Mars, The Roman god of War, has relations with Rhea Silvia and conceives and gives birth to twin brothers Romulus and Remus. Hearing of this birth, Amuliud sends his servant to cast them into the river and to drown them. His servant however cannot bring himself to commit this infanticide. Instead his servant puts the twin brothers into a basket and send them down the stream. When the carriage finally ceases to stream, the baby brothers land on what would eventually become The City of Rome.
Thence a she-wolf discovered them two boys and weens them and takes care of them for a time being; raising them as fellow wolves. Later on a herdsmen named Faustulus and his wife Acca Larentia. Romulus and Remus are thence brought up as shepherds.
Romulus and Remus, Naturally, become Adults and come to learn of a corral The Loyalist of Amuliud and The Loyalist of Numiton. During this corral they learn of their true origins and that Numiton was their Father. The most important thing they learn though, is that they were destined to become Kings! With the passion of a lion stalking its prey, Romulus and Remus Join The loyalist of their late father Numiton. They then end up slaughtering and overthrowing Amuliud and avenge their Father. The vengeance was sweet as a cherry pie in mid-spring with a cool breeze flowing through thy hair.
With that they establish as new kingdom set where the she-wolf discovered and nursed them as infants. This kingdom will become Rome. There was dispute on who owned what and where the kingdom was to be placed. The two split their kingdoms with Remus's land on Mount Remus and Romulus on Palatine Hill. In the end, they both knew that one would become sole sovereign of The Kingdom. Remus was the first to see birds fly over head which made him to claim control over all the lands. However, Romulus saw twofold the amount of birds(12) that Remus saw, so he claimed to own all the land. Romulus built a wall around his territory to keep out invaders. Remus laughed and mocked this wall saying that it could not keep invaders from crossing into his lands. Remus then proceeded to jump back and forth across the wall, mocking Romulus. In a fit of rage, Romulus slaughtered his brother and become The Sole ruler of The Kingdom of Rome.
Romulus, What Hast thou done? Thou hast slain thy brother. Thou hast Cain thy Abel. His blood flows through thy kingdom and his vengeance shalt be dealt to thee. For yay, thy land shalt be great indeed, but with thy brother's slaughter, thou Kingdom wilt never stretch across The World nor will it last forever. For it is doomed to only last a millennium. For thy legacy and Father's Legacy, Mars, shalt be taken and given to a different son of God and God. Rome shalt last, but thine Rome shalt Fall.
The First King of Rome
Rome would be established on April 21st, 753 B.C. This day would known as Parilia. With the murder of his brother Remus, Romulus would become The First King of Rome, The Rex of Roma. He declared himself The King of Rome after killing his brother Remus. In The Early days of The Roman Kingdom, any man could join the ranks as citizen. Naturally this brought in a significant portion of outlaw men into its citizenry. But as is all to well known, without a future generation to pass the torch down too, the future of the civilization will be non-existent. And of course, it takes two to tango. With a population of just men and no women, reproducing could not occur. To help bring in wives for his men to reproduce with, Romulus Rex tried to negotiate with The Sabine peoples to offers some of their women in order for The Roman Kingdom to survive into future generations. The negotiations fell flat however & The Sabine people refused to give their women to The Romans. Naturally, this would not work for the Romans, so Action must be taken to prevent The Extinction of Roma. During The Festival of Neptune Equester, The Roman Men kidnapped The Sabine Women and fought off The Sabine men's attempt to stop The Roman abduction of their women. This attempt by The Sabine men was unsuccessful however and The Superior Romans took The Sabine Women as Wives. This event was known as The Rape of The Sabine Women. A War broke out against The Romans and The Sabines with other Italian Tribes. The First battle was fought when The Caeninenses invaded Roman territory. Big mistake however, for Romulus and his men slaughtered The Caeninenses King. The Sabines later on would Officially declare War on The Kingdom of Rome. Because of the traitor Tarpeia, The daughter of Spurius Tarpeius, The Sabines and their King Titus Tatius was about to enter The walls of Rome and capturing it. The Sabines were dead set on killing every last Roman with no mercy. Romulus rallied The Romans to counter attack the Sabine advance and pin them at the gate of The Palatium. The Wives of The Romans, The Captured Sabine Women, got in the way and pleaded for their husbands and their former folk to cease the fighting.
The Roman Kingdom
The Kingdom of Rome lasted from 753 B.C. with The First King of Rome, Romulus to 509 B.C. He reigned till his day of passing in 716 B.C. at the Age of 56. It is legend that he was swept away by a whirlwind from a colossal brutal storm. In this storm he told to have ascended into Heaven to join his Father, The Roman god of War, Mars.
Romulus Rex's successor was The Second King of Rome and his Brother-in-Law, Numa Pompilius. Numa Pompilius took the throne in 715 B.C. when he was elected to be Rex by The Curiate Assembly. Rex Numa Pompilius was from The Sabine Region of The Italian Peninsula. Rex Numa Pompilius was accredited to many important things for Roma including The Roman Calendar, The Cult of Jupiter, The Cult of Mars, The Cult of Romulus, The Vestal Virgins and the religious office of Pontifex Maximus. The Roman Calendar was The official calendar used by The Roman Kingdom and later Roman Republic which would later be reformed in The First Century B.C. by Julius Caesar becoming The Julian Calendar which would be later reformed by The Catholic Church into the calendar we use in Today's World known as The Gregorian Calendar. The Roman Calendar was a ten month calendar which included the months: Menis Martius or March (Month of Mars), Menis Aprilis or April (Month of Apru or Aphrodite), Mensis Maius or May (Month of Maia), Mensis Iunius or June (Month of Juno), Mensis Quintilis or July Later on being named after Julius Caesar (Fifth Month), Mensis Sextilis or August later on being named after Augustus Caesar (Sixth Month), Mensis September or September in Today's World (Seventh Month), Mensis October or October in Today's World (Eight Month), Menis November or November in Today's World (Ninth Month) and Mensis December or December in Today's World (Tenth Month). The Length of a Year in The Roman Calendar is 304 Days vs The 365 Days in both The Julian Calendar and Gregorian Calendar which both hath leap years with 366 Days. Not much is known about The Cult of Jupiter, only member of the cult knew much of its practices and beliefs. It is known however that members addressed Jupiter (Supreme Roman god) as Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus. Optimus Maximus is Latin for "Best and Greatest". Not much is known of the cult of Mars neither. Mars is known as the god of war so we can assume that war or battle had something to do with the practices of this cult. The Cult of Romulus was a following of The First King of Rome. This cult would later become a cult for The Sabine People known as The Cult of Quirinus. Vestal Virgins also known as just Vestals, were priestesses who worshiped Vesta, the goddess of the hearth. The hearth is the sacred fire which burned at the college of vestals which was responsible for the continuation of Rome. The Vestal Virgins were tasked with keeping the fire burning indefinitely, lest Rome fall. Numa Pompilius at first, refused to accept the throne as King of Rome, due to his belief that Rome was a nation of war and that a strong warrior leader should rule over Rome and command it's armies. He later accept the office of King by persuasion of his tutor and the father of Marcus, his son-in-law. The Second King of Roma, Numa Pompilius's reign would end in 673 B.C. where he would be succeeded by The Third King of Rome, Tullus Hostillius. If Numa Pompilius was a King of Peace and Romulus was a King of War, then Tullus Hostillius was a King of War sevenfold. Tullus Hostillius thought his predossesor was weak and therefore made The Roman Kingdom weak. Therefore the game of war was back on for Rome. Tullus Hostillius was known for The Battle of Alba Longa; a war that sought to defend the honor of Rome from The city of Alba Longa. The rules were that the last one standing would be declared victor. In the end Rome won. Though the city of Alba Longa still exists in Italy Today. Tullus Hostillius was such a War-hawk King, that he even started a war with The King of The Roman gods, Jupiter. Legends go that this is what led to the death of The Third King of Rome. Tullus Hostillius was the grandson of Hostus Hostilius, who during The Sabine Invasion of Rome, was killed in battle by The First King of Rome, Romulus Rex. Tullus Hostillius would end his reign when he died in 642 B.C. His succcesor would come to the throne in 642 B.C., The Fourth King of Rome, Ancus Marcius. Ancus Marcius was declared Interrex ,between kings, of Rome by The Roman Senate and would later be Crowned Fourth King of Rome in a session by The Assembly of The People. Ancus Marcius, later his predecessor and Romulus, would also be a King of War. His mother, Pompilia, was the daughter of The Second King of Rome, Numa Pompilius. The First Act as King of Rome for Ancus Marcius was the reenstate the religious edicts set forth byt The Second King of Rome, Numa Pompilius, which were removed by The Third King of Rome, Tullus Hostillius. Later on, The Native Latins would start a War with Rome to regain the lost territory The Roman Kingdom occupied in Latina. At the time, The Latin occupied The Aventine Hill which was one of the seven hills that form the territory of The City of Rome. Thinking that invasion would cause Ancus Marcius to fold and ask for diplomatic peace attacked The Roman Kingdom. This was a huge mistake, for Ancus Marcius was in fact, a King of War. This caused Ancus Marcius to declared War with The Latins, after the Latins refused to pay restitution money. Ancus Marcius would march into The Latinium City of Politorium, by storm and the Latins were removed from The City. Politorium would later be destroyed by The Romans. After the sacking and demolision of Politorium, The Roman would do the same to The Latinium Cities of Ficana and Tellenae. After that, the battle was set for The Latinium Town of Medullia. After many tries at the well fortified town, The Romans would eventually sack Medullia and bring home loot after the battle. After that Rome would take over the Latin town of Janiculum and make it a part of Rome and take in Latins as Roman Citizens. The great expansion of The Roman Kingdom would begin and the influence of The Tiber River was to The Romans. The Absolute Victory of The Trojans over The Latins was clear. At the age of 60, The Fourth King of Rome, Ancus Marcius would die of natural causes in 617 B.C. He left behind and bigger and more powerful Roman Kingdom. His successor would be The Fifth King of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, also known as Tarquin The Elder. His reign would mark the beginning of The Etruscan Dynasty in The Roman Kingdom. The Estrucans are from The Central Italian Region of Etruria which is modern day Tuscany, Umbrea and Lazio. Lucius waged a new war with The Latins, where he expanded Roman terriority even further. He first took the Latinium town of Apiolae, after Lucius conquered many other towns in Latinium bringing them into The Roman Kingdom. The Latins would eventually ask for support from The Sabines and The Estrucans but eventualy Rome would cease Total Victory over Latinium. After The Victory against Latinium, Lucius waged war against The Sabines. Even though The Sabines were great in battle, Lucius was able to stealthily attack the Sabine base at nightfall. He attacked using boats with flames pushed down the river catching The Sabine base on fire. While The Sabine military was busy trying to put out the fire to their camp, The Romans moved in and destroyed the Sabine Camp completely. Later in 585 B.C., The Sabines would lead an assault against The Roman Army but Lucius's troops would stand ground and declare victory on September 13th, 585 B.C. With this, The Latinium towns of Cameria, Old Ficulea, Meduilia, Nomentum, Corniculum and Ameriola would be conquered and brought into The Roman Kingdom. Later on Lucius would seek peace with The Estrucans, however they would declare war on Rome. The Estrucans would first capture The Roman Colony named Fidenae; which would become the central point in The Estrucan War. In the end however, Rome would have victory over the Estrucans and Rome would become greater due to the loot from The Estrucans. In 579 B.C. an assassination of Lucius was carried out by those who believed the successor of The throne should of been the son of The Fourth King of Rome, Ancus Marius. In a set-up riot, Lucius was assassinated with an ax to the skull. The Queen however, lied and said The Lucius was not dead, but merely wounded. She took advantage of the confusion and placed Servius Tullius as regent. Once it was established that Lucius was killed, Servius Tullius would become The Sixth King of Rome in 578 B.C. Servius Tullius Rex was most known for his reforms to The Roman Kingdom which expanded Roman Citizenship to lower class Romans and non-Romans. This made Servius Tullius a Popular King. He would reign for 44 years until he was assassinated in 535 B.C. by his daughter Tullia and his son-in-law Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. Lucius Tarquinius Superbus also known as Tarquin The Proud, would now take the throne and become The Seventh and Final King of Rome. To become King of Rome he lobbied the support of the patrician senators, especially those from families who had received their senatorial rank under Tarquin the Elder, his Grandfather and Fifth King of Rome. He gave them gifts and spread criticism of Servius Tullius Rex. Superbus Rex would eventually be dethroned by The Roman People in 509 B.C. and The Roman Republic would be created. The Etruscan oppression of The Romans was over.
The Roman RepubliC
Beginning in 509 BC after the fall of The Roman Kingdom by The Roman people overthrowing The Etruscan Dynasty. This happened due to The Final King of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, raping the noblewoman Lucretia who later committed suicide because of this violation of her. Lucius was then exiled by The Roman Senate led by the lobbying of Lucretia's father and Superbus's nephew to Etruria. The Roman Senate then abolished The Roman Monarchy and The Roman Kingdom and thenceforth The Roman Republic was formed. The duties of the former office of King would be for a newly established consul of two who would be annually elected The Senate. The First Two Consuls in The Roman Republic were Lucius Junius Brutus and Lucius Collatinus. The control of The Roman Republic spanned across The whole Mediterranean World, with a cultures of The Romans, The Latins, The Estrucans, The Classical World (Greeks), The Sabine and The Octans. The name of The Roman Republic was Roma and Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) which translates from Latin to The Roman Senate and People. The Capital of The Roman Republic was Rome. The Official Language of The Roman Republic was Classical Latin. Other Languages spoken in The Roman Republic included: Greek, Etruscan, Osco-Umbrian, Venetic, Ligurian, Rhaetian, Hebrew, Berber, Gaulish, Nuragic, Syriac, Sicel, Aramaic, Punic, Iberian, Coptic, Illyrian, Celtiberian, Lusitanian, Gallaecian and Aquitanian. The Official Religion of The Roman Republic was Roman Polytheism which borrowed much of its aspects from The Classical World Religion like their gods such as Zeus The King of The Classical World gods becoming Jupiter The King of The Roman gods, Aries The god of War becoming Mars The god of War and Hermes The Messenger god becoming Mercury. The type of government The Roman Republic was, was known as a Diarchic Republic meaning the leads were of two men with senators below wielding power over the nation. The Roman Republic would last until 27 B.C. and be replaced by The Roman Empire.
Julius Caesar, The Known Roman in The World, was known for his time as a Statesmen, A Roman General, High Priest and Roman Consul. Julius Caesar or Gaivs Ivlivs Cæsar or Gaius Julius Caesar, was born in 100 B.C. in Rome, Italy, The Roman Republic. Julius Caesar was born into a Partician Family, family being Father Gaius Julius Caesar and Aurelia. Julius Caesar was believed to be the descendant of a Famous Trojan, Julus who was the grandson of The Roman goddess Venus. This claim to ancestry would lay the ground work for him becoming a Roman god himself after his demise. In Caesar's adolescent years, he was captured by pirates and was held for ransom. Upon hearing the amount of ransom demanded, Caesar felt insulted and demanded the pirates double the amount. They accepted this demand. While captive, Caesar was said to have been a friendly guy and provided voluntary entertainment for the pirates. Before the ransom was paid, Caesar gleefully told the pirates that he would return to find them then crucify all of them. He kept good on his promise too and everyone of the pirates would be executed by way of Crucifixion. Julius Caesar would later become General of 100 Legions then Marched on Rome and become Dictator of Rome. He would eventually be assassinated by Senators of The Ideas of March, March 15th, 44 B.C.
The month of July is named after Julius Caesar.
more details coming soon.
The Roman Empire
The Roman Empire Started in 27 B.C. after The Fall of The Roman Republic by The First Emperor of Rome, better known as The Princeps, Octavius Augustus Caesar. The Capital of The Roman Empire was Rome from 27 B.C. to 286 A.D. then in Mediolanum from 286 A.D. to 402 A.D. in The Western split of The Roman Empire then in Ravenna from 402 A.D. to 476 A.D. in The Western Roman Empire, this would be the final capital of The Roman Empire till The Fall of Rome in 476 A.D. The governance of The Roman Empire was an Absolute Monarchy who was elected by Roman Senators. The Official Language of The Roman Empire was Latin with other common languages being Greek and Aramaic. The Official Language of The Roman Empire was First The Imperial Cult driven Polytheism (Classical Roman Religion) till 274 A.D., then The Solar Cult known as Sol Invictus till 380 A.D., then finally Catholicism from 380 A.D. till the fall.
The Emperors of Rome
The Julio-Claudian Dynasty
1. Augustus Caesar, The First Emperor of Rome, was born on September 23rd, 63 B.C. in Rome, Italy, Roman Republic. He was the founder of The Roman Empire. He would reign until his death on August 19th, 14 A.D. in Nola, Italy, Roman Empire. The month of August is named after him.
2. Tiberius Caesar, The Second Emperor of Rome, was born on November 16th, 42 B.C. in Rome, Italy, Roman Republic. He would began his reign on September 18th, 14 A.D. He would reign until his death on March 16th, 37 A.D.
Year of The Four Emperors and Flavian Dynasty
15. Antoninus Pius
16. Lucius Verus
17. Marcus Aurelius
Year of The Five Emperors and Severan Dynasty
20. Didius Julianus
21. Septimius Severus
24. Macrinus & Diadumenian
26. Severus Alexander
The Fall of Rome
In 476 AD, The Roman Empire would officially meet its end, at least in The Western Half, at the hands of The Barbarians that it oppressed for centuries, with the sacking of Rome. Along with the sacking of Roman, political strife and unstable political structure would bring the end of The Power of The Roman Empire after 1000 years of being The World Super Power. The World's First Super Power may have fallen, but its ashes, the rise of The World we know of Today would rise and the heights of human achievement would be found. The Roman Empire may no longer exist, but its legacy is felt in Today's World and therefore, Rome's Power is eternal.