Messier 81, also known as M81, NGC 3031, Bode's Galaxy, UGC 5318, MGC+12-10-010 or PGC 28630, is A Grand Design Spiral Galaxy located inside The Ursa Major Constellation(Big Bear Constellation, Big Dipper). A Grand Design Spiral Galaxy is a Spiral Galaxy that has highly visible, prominent, well-designed Spiral Arms; All of The Grand Design Spiral Galaxies are Messier 51, Messier 74, Messier 81, Messier 83 and Messier 101. Bode's Galaxy is located 12 Million Light-Years Away from Earth. Bode's Galaxy has a mass of 50 Billion Solar Masses and a diameter of 90,000 Light Years.
Profile of Bode's Galaxy
Messier 81 was discovered on December 31st, 1774 by German Astronomer Johann Elert Bode. This is why Messier 81 can also be called Bode's Galaxy. Later in 1779, around 5 years later, French Astronomer Charles Messier and French Astronomer Pierre Mechain, renamed Bode's Galaxy as Messier 81 and listed it in The Messier Catalogue. Within Messier 81, One Supernova has been detected. That Supernova has been observed as a Type II Supernova. Messier 81 is the largest galaxy within The M81 Group. The M81 group is a collection of 34 Galaxies located inside Ursa Major Constellation.
Megaclite, also known as Jupiter XIX or S/2000 J 8, is a moon that orbits Jupiter. Megaclite has a mass of 209,813,580,633,607 kilograms, a volume of 82 kilometers cubed, a radius of 1.6777 miles, a gravity of 0.002 meters per second squared, a density of 2.6 grams per centimeter cubed, a temperature of 124 Kelvin and a mean diameter of 6 kilometers. Megaclite has an orbital period of 792 Earth Days and an orbital velocity of 7898.80 kilometers per hour.
Profile of Megaclite
Megaclite was discovered in 2000 by American Astronomer Scott Sander Sheppard who was The Leader of a Team of Astronomer at The University of Hawaii. Megaclite belong to the Pasiphae Group, a group of Retrograde Irregular Satellites that follow an orbits at a semi-major axes between 22.8 and 24.1 Million kilometers from Jupiter. Megaclite was named after The Classical World's Megaclite, who was the mother of Thebe and Locrus because of coutius with The King of The gods, Zeus.
Themisto, also known as Jupiter XVIII, J XVIII, S/1975 J 1 or S/2000 J 1, is a moon orbiting Jupiter. Themisto has a mass of 689,387,479,224,709 kilograms, a volume of around 270 kilometers cubed, a surface area of around 200 kilometers squared, a mean radius of 4 kilometers, a circumference of around 25 kilometers, a diameter of 9 kilometers, a mean density of 2.6 grams per centimeter cubed and a temperature of around 124 Kelvin or Negative 149.15 degrees Celsius. Themisto has an orbital period around Jupiter of 130 Earth Days with an orbital velocity of 14891 kilometers per hour.
Profile of Themisto
Themisto was discovered first on September 30th, 1975, by American Astronomer Charles Thomas Kowal and American Astronomer Elizabeth Pat Roemer; then rediscovered on November 21th, 2000, by English-American Astronomer David Cliff Jewitt, Canadian-American Astronomer Yang Roland Fernandez and American Astronomer Eugene A. Magnier. The reason for the lost discovery is because an orbit for this moon was not established back in 1975 so it becomes a footnote in the 1980s and wouldn't be rediscovered until 2000. Themisto has a strange orbital patterns as opposed to other Jupiter moons, for unlike the other moons, which orbit in a system like the Galilean moons, Themisto orbits alone. Themisto was named after The Classical World's Themisto would was the daughter of Hypeseus, The King of The Lapiths, and wife of Athamas, The Boeotian King.
Carpo, also known Jupiter XLVL or S/2003 J 20, is a moon that orbits Jupiter. Carpo has a mass of 44,960,052,992,916 kilograms, a volume of 14 kilometers cubed and a mean diameter of 3 kilometers. Carpo has an orbital period of 456.1 Earth Days with an orbital velocity of 9298 kilometers per hour.
Profile of Carpo
Carpo was discovered in 2003 by American Astronomer Scott Sander Sheppard who was The Leader of a Team of Astronomers from The University of Hawaii. Carpo tends to incline in orbit around Jupiter every now and then. Carpo was named after The Classical World goddess of The Fruits of The World, Karpo. Karpo was one of the Horae, the goddesses of The Seasons.
Methone, also known as Saturn XXXII or S/2004 S 1, is moon orbiting Saturn in between the orbits of both The Moon Mimas and The Moon Enceladus. Methone has a Mass of 8,992,010,598,583 kilograms, a Volume of 17 kilometers cubed, a Mean Radius of 1.45 kilometers and a Mean Density of 0.31 grams per centimeter cubed. Methone has zero axial tilt. Methone has an orbital period of 1.009573975 Earth Days.
Profile of Methone
Methone was discovered on June 1st, 2004 by The Cassini Imaging Team. Moethone is a egg shaped moonlet with no visible craters and a silky smooth surface. Methone has a ring arc like it's host planet Saturn does. The Ring arc believes to has came to being due to The Blasting Off of material from Methone itself due to small impacts from small meteors. Methone gets its name from MEthone who is one of the seven Alcyonide daughters of The Giant Alcyoneus in The Classical World.
Thalassa, also known as Neptune IV or S/1989 N 5, is a moon orbiting Neptune. Thalassa is Greek for Sea. Thalassa is the second closest moon to Neptune. Thalassa has an orbital period of 0.31148444 ± 0.00000006 Earth Days. Thalassa has a Mass of 374,667,108,274,298,000 kilograms, a Volume of 288,696 kilometers cubed, a Mean Radius of 40.7 ± 2.8 kilometers, a Mean Density of 1.23 ± 0.43 grams per centimeter cubed and a temperature of around 51 Kelvin or -222.15 degrees Celsius.
Profile of Thalassa
Thalassa was discovered a little before September 18th, 1989 by New York Astronomer Richard John Terrile and The Voyager Imaging Team using images captured by The Voyager 2 Probe. The name Thalassa would be given to the newly discovered moon on September 16th 1991. Thalassa is a disk-shaped moon believed to be made up of different parts of broken pieces of other moons orbiting Neptune such as Triton.
Thalassa is named after The Classical World Primordial goddess of The Sea or Primeval Spirit of The Sea, Thalassa. Thalassa was the daughter of Aether, The Primordial god of the upper sky, and Hemera, The Primordial goddess of the day. Thalassa siblings were Gaia, The Primal Mother Earth goddess, and Uranus, The Primordial god of the sky. Thalassa is known for spawning the storm gods or giants and The tribes of fish. Also Thalassa is the mother of Aphrodite, The goddess of Love, Beauty, Pleasure, passion and procreation, and Halia, a nymph who lived on the island of Rhodes. Thalassa and her husband Pontus, The Primordial Sea god, would one be replaced by new marine god couples, first being Oceanus and Tethys, Titan god and goddess of the sea, and then Poseidon and Amphitrite, Olympian god and goddess of the sea.
Styx, also known as Pluto V, S/2012 (134340) 1, and S/2012 P, is the second-largest moon orbiting Pluto. Styx has a Mass of 7.5 X 10^15 Kilograms, an axial tilt of 82 degrees and an orbital period of 20.16155 ± 0.00027 Earth Days. Styx is 42,656 kilometers from Pluto.
Profile of Styx
Styx was discovered on July 26th 2012, by American Research Scientist Mark Robert Showalter using The Hubble Space Telescope. It is believed that all of Pluto's moons, including Styx, came to be by that of an object from the Kuiper Belt collided with Pluto, forming it's five moons (Charon, Styx, Hydra, Nix, Kerberos).
Styx receives its name from The Classical World's Titan goddess Styx. Styx was the daughter of The Titans Oceanus and The Titan Tethys. Styx married The Titan Pallas and mothered four kids named Zelus, Nike, Kratos and Bia. However, this is the Styx that the moon Styx owes its name to. For within The Classical World Religion, there is another Styx, but this Styx is neither god, goddess, man or woman; for this Styx is river. The Styx river is one of two rivers which split The Aloha World and The Haole World. Charon would take the dead past the two rivers and into the depths of Hades.
The Primeval World
Imagine a World at it's beginning, it's start, it's birth. What would this world be like? Would it be calm and orderly like Today's World? Or would it be crazy and dangerous and chaotic like the storms of Jupiter? Well, what is an infant like when it is born? It's screaming, crying and making quite a fuss, never really putting out that flame of fury until it becomes a mature adult. Well, that's what the birth of a planet is like, a planet like our very own Earth.
In The Oxford Dictionary, Primeval is defined as an adjective describing "from the earliest period of the history of the world, very ancient." When Earth began, it was a fiery ball of rock colliding with other rocks almost constantly. The Super Powerful collisions is what melted and molded the size and shape of our Earth. Kind of like the things that collide in our own lives mold us as well. And thanks to this chaos, true order emerged was the chasm of chaotic fury. Thanks to these early stages, the stage was set for one of the most unique parts of not only our Solar System or our Galaxy, but The Universe as a whole. The stage was set to Create and Nurture Life.
Chaos and Order
With the stage being set, one must ask, in fact it begs the question, is that really chaos? Or does it seems like Chaos when in fact these mechanisms, even though bombastic in motions, are orderly and happens due to time and positions of said object following the laws of the universe? Are the rocks colliding with Earth really chaos, or are they merely following the laws of gravity, being attracted and colliding with the larger rock, Earth? Was the Earth on fire due to chaos? or because of the heat generated by the sun, the constant collision due to gravitational pull and the lack of an atmosphere at the time? Is Chaos, just a part of Order?
Charon, also known as Pluto I or S/1978 P 1, is moon that orbits Pluto. Yes, Pluto has moons, 5 to be exact, more than Earth. Charon has an orbital revolution of 6.3872304±0.0000011 Earth Days or 6 Earth Days, 9 Earth Hours, 17 Earth Minutes and 36.7 ± 0.1 Earth Seconds, with an average orbital speed of 0.21 kilometers per second. Charon has a Mass of (1.586 ± 0.015) X 10^21 Kilograms or 12.2 percent of Pluto or 2.66 X 10^-4 Earths, a Volume of (9.32 ± 0.14) X 10^8 kilometers cubed or 0.00086 Earths, a Surface Area of 4.6 X 10^8 Kilometers cubed, a Mean Radius of 606.0 ± 0.5 Kilometers or 0.095 Earths and a Mean Density of 1.702 ± 0.017 grams per centimeter cubed. Charon has a Surface Gravity of 0.288 meters per second squared and an escape velocity of 0.59 kilometers per second. Charon has a temperature of 53 Kelvin or Negative 220 degrees Celsius.
Profile of Charon
Charon's discovery was announced by The International Astronomical Union on July 7th 1978. Charon was discovered by American Astronomer James Christy using a The 1.55 Meters Telescope at The United States Naval Observatory Flagstaff Station(NOFS). Charon is the sixth-largest trans-Neptunian object in The Solar System. In The Classical World and The Roman World, Charon or Kharon, was the ferryman of Hades. Charon would carries the souls of the dead, the Haole, across The Rivers Styx and Acheron which divided The World of Aloha and The World of Haole, The Living World and Dead World.
IOK-1, also known as Iye Ota Kashikawa 1 or Iye Ota Kashikawa Galaxy, is Lyman-Alpha Emitter(LAE) Galaxy located inside the Coma Berenices Constellation(Berenice's Hair Constellation). IOK-1 is located 12.88 Billion Light Years from Earth.
Profile of Iye Ota Kashikawa Galaxy
IOK-1 was discovered in April 2006 by Japanese Astronomer Masanori Iye at National Astronomical Observatory in Japan using The Subaru Telescope in Hawaii. When IOK-1 was discovered, it was The Most distant and The Oldest Galaxy ever discovered. In Today's World, those two titles belong to GN-z11. When viewed, IOK-1 was being viewed as it was 12.88 Billion Years Ago, close to the time of The Big Bang, relatively speaking. It's birth in fact was 750 Million Years after The Big Bang occurred, Earth itself is older than that time-lapse, Earth being 4.543 Billion Years old.
Boötes 1, also known as Boo 1 dSph, Boo dSph, Boötes Satellite, Boötes Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy, Boötes dSph Galaxy and PGC 4713553, is a Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy located inside The Boötes Constellation(Herdsman Constellation, Plowman Constellation or Ox-Driver Constellation). Boötes 1 is located 197 thousand light years from Earth.
Profile of Bootes 1
Not much is known about Boötes 1 except for the fact that it seems to disrupt the tidal flow of our galaxy, The Milky Way Galaxy. Boötes 1 is a faint galaxy with a luminosity of only 100,000 Solar Luminosity(L). Solar Lumonsity is the unit of radiant flux, which is The Power emitted in photon form, used by Astronomers to measure a stars, galaxies and other celestial object's lumonsity.
Cosmos Redshift 7, other names being Galaxy Cosmos Redshift 7, Galaxy CR7 and CR7, is a Redshift Lyman-Alpha Emitter Galaxy located inside The Sextans Constellation. A Redshift Lyman-Alpha Emitter Galaxy is a galaxy that emits Lyman-Alpha radiation from Neutral Hydrogen. Cosmos Redshift 7 is located 12.9 Billion Light Years from Earth. It's most recognized feature is that CR7 is threefold brighter than the brightest distant galaxy before it's discovery.
Profile of Cosmos Redshift 7
Cosmos Redshift 7 was discovered by Astronomer with The Leader being David Sobral. Observation of Galaxy Cosmos Redshift 7 is observed as it was, due to stellar parallax, 800 Million Years after The Big Bang occurred, not a long time in Astronomy measurements. So it would seem that Cosmos Redshift 7 is indeed an Old Galaxy made close to the beginning of The Universe.
Centaurus A, also known as NGC 5128, Caldwell 77, PGC 46957, Arp 153 & 4U 1322-42, is Radio Galaxy, Starburst Galaxy and a debate Lenticular Galaxy or Elliptical Galaxy, located inside The Centaurus Constellation (Centaur). A Radio Galaxy is a galaxy with extremely luminous radio wavelengths. Centaurus A is located 10 Million Light Years to 16 Million Light Years from Earth. The size of Centaurus A is 60,000 Light Years.
Profile of Centaurus A
Centaurus A was discovered on April 29th, 1826 by Scottish Astronomer James Dunlop while surveying through the Parramatta Observatory. Centaurus A is the closest Radio Galaxy to Earth and The Solar System and it is the fifth brightest galaxy in the night sky here on Earth. The Supermassive Black Hole in The Center of Centaurus A is 55 Million Solar Masses and it ejects relativistic jets which in turn cause emissions of Radio Wavelengths and X Ray Wavelengths. Inside of Centaurus A also, are two Supernovae, SN 1986G and SN2016adj.
Porpoise Galaxy, also known as NGC 2936, UGC 5130 and MCG+01-25-006, is an Interacting Spiral Galaxy located inside The Hydra Constellation. An Interacting Galaxy is a galaxy that has a gravitational field that disrupts another galaxies gravitational field and vice versa. Interacting Galaxies could also be called Colliding Galaxies. Porpoise is located 352 Million Light Years from Earth. NGC 2936 gets it's named 'Porpoise Galaxy' because of its similarity to the sea animal, The Porpoise, which is similar to The Sea Animal, The Dolphin.
Profile of The Porpoise Galaxy
The Porpoise Galaxy was discovered on March 3rd, 1864 by German Astronomer Albert Marth. The Porpoise Galaxy is Interacting or Colliding with an Elliptical Galaxy known as NGC 2937. German Astronomer Albert Marth actually discovered both these two galaxies, NGC 2936 and NGC 2937, at the same time of observation. The Porpoise Galaxy because it became an Interacting Spiral Galaxy, was just a regular Flat Spiral Galaxy. Until, the two gravitational fields of both NGC 2936 and NGC 2937, started interacting with one another; and the Porpoise Galaxy would never be the same. NGC 2936's shape started morphing from a flat shape to the shape that we see today, the shape of a Porpoise. One day the NGC 2936 and NGC 2937 will collide completely and become a new galaxy, what it will look like is for the future to know.
The Starfish Galaxy, also known as NGC 6240, IC 4652, UGC 10592, PGC 59186 & VV617, is an Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxy (ULIRG) located inside The Ophiuchus Constellation. It is located 400 Million Light Years away from Earth. It gets its title from its resemblance to that of a Starfish.
Profile of Starfish Galaxy
The Starfish Galaxy 1983 by unnamed Astronomers. The Starfish Galaxy's most notable feature is that of the presence of not one, but three Supermassive Black Holes. This suggest far back in time that three different large galaxies merged and from into what we know today as NGC 6240. This would have taken awhile to accomplish however, for fusion of just two galaxies takes more than an estimated billion years. Our own galaxy will one day do the same as the original galaxies of NGC 6240 have done. For we will merge with The Andromeda Galaxy and become one. Just like The Starfish Galaxy.
Hoag's Object also known as PGC 54559 and PRC D-51, is a non-typical galaxy type called a ring galaxy due to it's ring-like appearance. Hoag's Object is located inside The Serpens Caput(Serpent Head) which is a part of The Serpens Constellation and is located 612.8 ± 9.4 Million Light Years from Earth.
Profile of Hoag's Object
Hoag's Object was discovered in 1950 by American Astronomer Arthur Allen Hoag who originally classified it as a Planetary Nebula or a Peculiar Galaxy. In the first announcement of the new discovery, Hoag proposed the hypothesis that the visible ring was because of gravitational lensing. This proposition was discarded later on due to the nucleus and the ring have the same exact redshift, and because more advanced telescopes revealed the weird structure of the ring. Hoag's Object has eight Billion Stars within the bounds of its existence. Hoag's Object mave have been a product of an extreme bar instability that occurred a few billion years ago within a barred spiral galaxy. In The Center point of the ring that big shiny object is a collection of old stars that combined to form the middle of Hoag's Object. The Hoag's Object is indeed unique and is definitely worth exploring more of in the future.
The Fornax Galaxy, also known as The Fornax Dwarf, Fornax Dwarf Elliptical,Fornax Dwarf Spheroidal, Fornax Dwarf Galaxy, Fornax dSph, PGC 10093 and ESO 356-4, is a galaxy located inside The Fornax Constellation; Fornax is Latin for Furnace so it's The Furnace Constellation. The Fornax Galaxy is classified as an Elliptical Dwarf Galaxy. The Fornax Galaxy is located 460±30 Million Light Years from our Home World, The Earth.
Profile of Fornax Dwarf Galaxy
The Fornax Galaxy was discovered in 1938 by American Scientist Harlow Shapley in South Africa at the Boyden Observatory using the Bruce Refractor. The Fornax Galaxy is a satellite to our galaxy, The Milky Way Galaxy. The Fornax dSph is owns six globular clusters, the largest of these clusters was actually discovered before it was, it's name, NGC 1049.
Prospero, also known as Uranus XVIII or S/1999 U 3, is a moon that orbits Uranus, the seventh planet in The Solar System. Prospero has an orbit radius of 16,256,000 kilometers and it takes Prospero 1978.29 Earth Days to orbit Uranus. Prospero has a mass of 8.5 X 10^16 kilograms, a volume of 65,000 kilometers cubed, a density of 1.3 gram per centimeter cubed, a radius of 25 Kilometers and a surface area of 8,000 kilometers squared. Prospero has a temperature of 65 Kelvin or negative 208.15 degrees Celsius. Prospero has a surface gravity of 0.0063 meters per second squared and an escape velocity of 0.021 kilometers per second.
Profile of Prospero
Prospero was discovered on July 18th, 1999 by Canadian Astronomer John J Kavelaars, Canadian Astronomer Brett James Gladman, Smithsonian Astrophysicist Matthew J Holman, German Astronomer Hans Scholl & French Astronomer Jean-Marc Petit in Hawaii at the Mauna Kea Observatory with Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. Prospero was named after the character Prospero from The English Poet William Shakespeare's play, The Tempest who was a sorcerer who turned Caliban into a fish monster.
Caliban, also known as Uranus XVI or S/1997 U 1, is a moon orbiting the planet Uranus. Caliban takes 1.59 Earth Years or 579.26 Earth Days to orbit around Uranus. Caliban has a mass of 7.4 X 10^17 Kilograms, a Volume of 200,000 Kilometers cubed, a surface area of 16,000 kilometers squared & a diameters of 72 kilometers. Caliban has an average temperature of 65 Kelvin or negative 208.15 degrees Celsius.
Profile of Caliban
Caliban was discovered on September 6th, 1997 by Australian-born Astronomer Philip D. Nicholson, Canadian Astronomer Brett James Gladman, American Astronomer Joseph A. Burns & John J. Kavelaars at Palomar Obs with the Hale Telescope. The name Caliban for this moon was given to it after the naming of a character from The English Poet William Shakespeare's play The Tempest. Caliban unlike other moons, was not formed by the gravity of Uranus but was rather, capture by the gravitational force of Uranus. Where Caliban came from is unknown but what is thought is not it does not originate from Uranus itself.
Mars, our nextdoor neighbor planet. A red planet that is today being etched plans to not only visit, but to colonize as well. For it is believed that man can one day be able to live on Mars just like he does on Earth. It is also believed that Mars once had inhabitants on its surface, just like on Earth, and not just microscopic organisms, but multicell intelligent life-forms as well. What if however, their is currently life on mars? What if, there are, Martians!?
It hath been speculated that there might actually be life on Mars by some. Even though we have sent multiple Rovers to Mars with cameras attached to capture what is on Mars, doesn't mean they aren't there. It may hath just missed them, or they are underground. The only way to really find out, i guess, is to go there and explore it ourselves. Martians are believed to be Green like The Green Alien (Little Green Men) however the eyes are believed to be slightly smaller, the body is taller and the heads have dents running down the middle of the forehead.
Popular Culture Martians
Martians are depicted in many different ways in Popular culture than the official look. Martians have been depicted in multiple shows such as The War of The Worlds, Mars Attacks, Invaders from Mars, Marvin The Martian, Justice League and Spaced Invaders.
The idea of having aliens, and not just aliens, but neighbor aliens, is an idea that fascinates the human mind and simultaneously makes it fearful. What if it's friendly? What if it's evil? What if it's hiding? The uncertainty is the same uncertainty that makes man desire to study and explore space and beyond!
Disclaimer: This is not a factual article but a fun one that explores lore in Astronomy.
Cupid, also known as Uranus XXVII(Uranus 27) and S/2003 U 2, is an inner satellite of Uranus. Cupid is actually the smallest inner satellite of Uranus, with a mass of around 3.8X10^15 Kilograms and a surface area of around 1000 kilograms squared. Cupid has a mean radius of approximately 9 kilograms, a volume of about 3000 kilograms cubed, a density of around 1.3 gram per centimeter cubed & zero axial tilt. Cupid has an average temperature of around 64 Kelvin or -209.15 degrees Celsius. Cupid has an orbital period of 0.618 Earth Days and an orbital velocity of 31771.20 kilometers per hour.
Profile of Cupid
Cupid was discovered on August 25th, 2003 by American Research Scientist Jack Jonathan Lissauer and American Scientist Mark Robert Showalter. The darkness and sizeof cupid made in undetectable by the cameras of Voyager 2 when it flew by Uranus in 1986.
Cupid was named after The Classical Roman World's god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection. Cupid is the son of the goddess Venus, the goddess of Love, beauty, desire, coitus, fertility, prosperity and Victory; she was also an ancestor of Julius Caesar, and the god Mars, the god of War who was also father to Romulus, the founder of Rome and Remus, his brother. Cupid's Classical World counterpart is Eros. Cupid is known for having an arrow that if it hits someone, they fall in love within whomever they set eyes upon first after being struck by thus arrow. Cupid is a popular symbol in the popular holiday Valentine's Day which is known to celebrate Love and Romance.
Puck, also named Uranus XV, is an inner moon of Uranus and is the largest small inner moon of Uranus. Puck has a mass of around 2.9 × 10^18 kilograms, a volume of about 2,225,000 kilometers cubed, a density of approximately 1.3 grams per centimeter cubed, zero axial tilt, a surface area of around 82,400 kilometers squared and a radius of 81 ± 2 kilometers. Puck has a surface gravity of 0.028 meters per second squared and an escape velocity of 0.069 kilometers per second. The average temperature of Puck is around 64 Kelvin or -209.15 degrees Celsius. It takes Puck 0.76183287 ± 0.000000014 Earth days to orbit Uranus and Puck has an average orbital speed of 8.21 kilometers per second.
Profile of Puck
Puck was discovered on December 30th 1985 by American Astronomer Stephen P. Synnott using Voyager 2 space probe. Puck was named after a character in English Poet William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream. In English Tradition and Celtic folklore an evil demon named Puck was a vexatious sprite who taunted Christians. The internal structure of Puck is thought to be a combination of water and ice. Puck has been observed to have a lack of craters, in fact Puck is without craters with bright rays entirely in observations of it's surface.
Oberon, the outermost moon of Uranus, a moon that also goes by the name Uranus IV, is the second largest and second most massive moon of the planet Uranus. Oberon is also ninth place for most massive moon in The Solar System. In fact, Oberon has a mass of (3.076±0.087)×1021 kilograms. Oberon also has a volume of 1,849,000,000 kilometer cubed, a surface area of 7,285,000 kilometers squared, a radius of 761.4±2.6 kilometers, and a density of 1.63±0.05 gram per centimeter cubed. The surface temperature of Oberon is 70 Kelvin to 80 Kelvin or -203.15 degrees Celsius to -193.15 degrees Celsius. Oberon has an orbital period of 13.463234 Earth Days with an average orbital speed of 3.15 kilometers per second. The Surface gravity of Oberon has a surface gravity of 0.346 meters per second squared and an escape velocity of 0.727 kilometers per second.
Profile of Oberon
Oberon was discovered on January 11th, 1787 by German-Born British Astronomer William Herschel who discovered it on the same day he discovered Titania. Oberon was named after Oberon, The King of The Fairies, in English Poets William Shakespeare's play A MidSummer Night's Dream. Behind Umbriel, Oberon is the second darkest moon of Uranus and its surface is the color red with blue within the newer impact deposits. Oberon has nine known crater, whose names are Ceasar(Julius Caesar), Romeo(Romeo & Juliet), Antony(Mark Antony), Hamlet, Macbeth, Lear(King Lear), Othello, Coriolanus & Falstaff. The belief in the formation of Oberon is that of a sub nebula beginning; an accelerated disc of gas and dust orbiting Uranus and forming into Oberon and other Uranian moons.
Umbriel, also known as Uranus II, is a moon of Uranus with a Rocky Core and Icy Mantle. Umbriel has a mass of (1.275±0.028)×1021 kilograms, a radius of 584.7±2.8 kilometers and a surface area of 4296000 kilometers squared, which makes Umbriel the third largest moon of Uranus. Umbriel has an orbital period of 4.114 Earth Days and an average orbital speed of 4.67 kilometers per second. Umbriel has a mean temperature of approximately 75 Kelvin or negative 198.15 degrees Celsius and a Maximum temperature of 85 Kelvin or negative 188.15 degrees Celsius.
Profile of Umbriel
Umbriel was discovered on October 24th, 1851 by English Astronomer William Lassell who discovered Umbriel at the same time as he discovered another moon named Ariel. Umbriel, the moon, was named after a character in English Poet Alexander Pope's play, The Rape of the Lock, who is a dusky melancholy sprite. Umbriel is the darkest of all the Uranian moons since it reflect the least amount of light given by The Sun. Umbriel has a good number of craters whose names are Gob, Wunda, Wokolo, Fin, Minepa, Peri, Alberich, Zlyden, Malingee, Setibos, Skynd, Vuver & Kanaloa. On the surface of Umbriel is water(H20) and Carbon Dioxide(CO2).
Ariel, a moon of Uranus, is the 4th place when it comes to largest moon of Uranus. Ariel has a mass of 1.353 ± 0.120 × 1021 kilograms or 0.0908 Earths. Ariel has a radius of 578.9±0.6 kilometers and surface area of 4,211,300 kilometers squared. The orbital period of Ariel around Uranus is 2.520 Earth Days and has an orbital speed of 5.51 kilometers per second.
Profile of Ariel
Ariel was discovered on Late October 1851 by English Astronomer William Lassell. Lassell named Ariel The Moon after sky spirit in Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock and in William Shakespeare's play, The Tempest. In fact all moons of Uranus are named after Shakespeare's Characters. Ariel has a surface gravity of 0.269 meters per second squared and the escape velocity of Ariel is 0.559 kilometers per second.
'Astronomy' page explores aspects of Astronomy, Philosophy, Spacelore and other topics about The Universe!