Space anomalies tend to recur often even within our own Solar System. Lets says things such as planets, moons and even Asteroids belts. Ah yes, there is a second Asteroid belt in our Solar System, well not exactly but similar. Unlike The Asteroid Belt however, this similar belt in space lies a few Astronomical Units farther than it does. This belt is known as The Kuiper Belt. The Kuiper Belt is a belt consisting of small rocks that is left over debris from The early Solar System. The Kuiper belt is much larger than The Asteroid Belt, in measurements it is about 20 times widers and 200 times more massive. The Rookie Asteroid Belt vs The Juggernaut Kuiper Belt to put it simply.
Farther Out but closer in
The Kuiper Belt lies between the location of The Asteroid Belt and The Oort Cloud. It is further out than the Asteroid Belt and Closer in than The Oort Cloud. These three are very similar in what they consist of by the three's sizes are at much different scales. The Asteroid belt is smaller than the Kuiper Belt while The Oort Cloud is much more colossal taking up space 99 times the size of The Solar System within its boundaries. One is a lot smaller and the other is bigger at a greater scale than that of the former.
The Kuiper Belt is located past the planet Neptune about 50 Astronomical Units away from The Sun. Some of Neptune's Moons like Triton and and some of Saturn Moon's like Phoebe are believed to have come from The Kuiper Belt. Pluto is within the borders of The Kuiper Belt. The Kuiper Belt consist of failed planets, planetesimals , Asteroids, Meteoroids and fragments of the original pre planetary dust from The Sun.
Many dwarf Planets like Pluto are believed to be within The Kuiper Belt. It goes the show that we sometimes need to look deeper into something to find an answer. There may be thousands of Dwarf Planets or maybe even Planets inside of The Kuiper Belt. We may never know that for sure unless we keep observing it. Seek the answer and thou shalt find it.
The Oort Cloud also known as The Trans Neptunian Region is The Solar System's outer shell that covers the outermost part of it. The Oort cloud is collection of icy astronomical objects that form a sort of a spherical cloud around The Solar System.
The Edge of The Solar System
Discovered in 1950 The Oort Cloud is the farthest astronomical object in The Solar System from The Sun, with the nearest point of The Oort Cloud being 2000 Astronomical Units (AU) or 2.992e+11 Kilometers from The Sun! Too put that into perspective, Pluto is only 39.5 Astronomical Units from The Sun. The nearest point of The Oort Cloud is about 51 times further away from The Sun than Pluto! That's not the craziest part however . The Farthest point of The Oort Cloud is estimated at most to be 200,000 Astronomical Units from The Sun! Which means it would take 3.16 Light Years to get from The Sun to outside The Oort Cloud! A light year is the distance traveled going light speed for one Earth Year. That's a really long time! Even three years is a long time to travel by human standards. This means that The Oort cloud in total at highest estimates, is 198,000 Astronomical Units spaced out. That's 99 times larger than the part of The Solar System inside The Oort Cloud! Talk about putting things into perspective.
Things that make The Oort Cloud
There is estimated to be,within the boundaries of what is The Oort Cloud about 2 Trillion objects. Some of the ice in fact is as old as The Solar System itself. Scientist Today suspect that the long orbiting comets of our solar system originate from The Oort Cloud. Though this is theoretical due to the fact that it has never been observed to originate from The Oort Cloud.
The Oort is believed to contain Planetesimals. Planetesimals are made from Rocks, dust and other things in The Universe. These Planetesimals can be described as being small celestial bodies formed when a planet is being born. The debris of the proto planets is what forms the Planetesimals. Planetesimals are can be anywhere from a good amount of meters to hundreds of Kilometers but are too small to get an exact measurement.
The Oort shows that there is much more than what meets the eye. When one thinks of The Solar System, they think of The Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, The Moons, Mars, The Asteroid Belt, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto and sometimes the Kuiper Belt. What they fail to realize is that isn't all the of The Solar System, its not even The Majority of The Solar System, it is actually quite small compared to what the outside , The Oort Cloud. The Oort makes the common mind solar system look like a tic tac amongst Thousands of chess pieces. We must always think to ourselves that, while yes, our thoughts can be big, that there is a wider scope that we might be missing. The Oort cloud is a great example of this, for The Oort cloud isn't thought of much when thinking about The Solar System, but really, it is The Solar System when we account for size differential. Same thing with our thoughts and ideas. we might have a great idea, but have we considered if there are a million ideas that might actually work better? Let us expand our minds and encompass more ideas and concepts and we may find answers to questions we may not have even known we have been looking for. This is how we grow and have grown since we were hunter gatherers in The Ice Age and Stone Age. Expand thy reach and soon, a whole new world might be available to thee that thou hast not even dreamed of seeing.
Today, we will discuss space not in the Astronomy sense, but more of the Sci Fi areas around it. This includes Planet X, Aliens, UFOs, Flying Saucers and more. Nothing in here should be taken too seriously and this will be more of a fun topic. Disclaimer, all these things may or may not exist, as of now, it does not, but is subject to change in the near and/or far future.
Planet X is the undiscovered 10th planet in The Solar System. In 2005 NASA claims to have found a tenth planet the size of if not a bit bigger than Pluto. The distance of this planet from The Sun was an estimated 10 Billion Millions! However, I could not find any further information about this particular planet anywhere I looked; strange to say the least. Traditionally, Planet X was thought to be a planet that would one day come straight for Earth and destroy it! Another name for this planet was Nibiru. As cool as this sounds, this is a work of complete fiction and has no basis in any actual scientific knowledge.
Aliens, UFOs and other unearthly things have in the mind of man since man has looked to the stars. UFO's are Unidentified Flying Objects commonly correlated with Flying Saucers. These Flying Saucers are believed to hold Aliens. There many different types of Aliens believed to exist and claimed to have even been witnessed. The most famous of these Aliens are The Greys. The Greys are described as 3 to 4 foot Humanoid Aliens with Grey Skin and big black almond shaped eyes without a nose but nostrils present. Greys also have slits for mouths and 3-4 fingers including thumbs. Greys have been claimed to be responsible for several abductions of human beings with probing being a staple act committed by these E.T.s (Extra-Terrestrials). Another type of space alien is The Green Alien also called little green men. Green Aliens are described as Short Green Skinned humanoids who look similar to The Greys, except they are Green. The Green Aliens are also known for Human abductions and probing. The next alien is The Martian. The martian seems to be a variant of The Green Alien in most lore but their head shaped can be more concaved than The Green Aliens. Martians show up looking different than however in movies like The War of The Worlds. Another Alien race is the Nordic aliens, these include Space Brothers, Tall Whites and Venusians. Nordic Aliens are known for having tall blonde hair and blue eyes and being very tall. Today, some believe they live underground in the Himalayas. Another type of Alien is the Reptilians, Reptiloids and/or Alpha Draconians. They are tall and scaly. Alpha Draconians specifically are from The Draco Galaxy or The Dragon Galaxy and their Home World is Draconis/ Alpha Draconis or The Dragon World. They within a ton of conspiracy theories including one where they in fact run The World! The Last type of Alien we will discuss are the Andromedans. The Andromedans are said to be a benevolent race of Aliens that live in The Andromeda Galaxy. They are said to have a lifespan of 5000 Earth years. They also have the Power of telepathy. Their purpose is to bring Peace and Love to The Universe and free races enslaved by The evil reptilian race The Alpha Draconians. Andromedans are said to have The Mastery of All Scientific endeavors and are a part of The Galactic Federation.
Exoplanets are planets that orbit a star that is not our Sun and is outside our solar system. Prior to January 1992, it was common dogma that no planet existed outside The Solar System. Now the first time evidence came up about the possibility of Exoplanets was way back in 1917. This however was not confirmed and wouldn't be confirmed for another 75 Years. It was only Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. Pluto was still considered a planet at this point in time. Then, on January 9th, 1992; two planets were discovered outside The Solar System orbiting Pulsar PSR 1257+12. Exoplanets were found by spots in their star were light is blocked out, the thing blocking out the light is the Exoplanet itself. Today January 2020, there are a confirmed 4,160 discovered Exoplanets. So much for Exoplanets not existing.
Whether Aliens, UFOS, Exoplanets or a Earth destroying World heading our way, we should keep an open mind about what could be possible in The Universe. That is not to say that we should drop all logic and reason; and science itself, and believe these claims without any evidence or scientific proof. What I am merely saying is that we do not know for sure what is out there, we once didn't believe exo planets existed and believed in a flat Earth. we should not dismiss things, based on prior beliefs, if indisputable evidence comes to form a new way of knowing things. Remember we do not know everything and that should excite us because curiously and discover is what drives our species to do things like create computers, build large structures and go to space itself.
At last, we have arrived at the final planet in The Solar System, Pluto. Pluto is 5,906, 380,000 Kilometers or 3,670,050,000 Miles from The Sun. It is the coldest planet in The Solar System with an average temperature of Negative 240 degrees Celsius or Negative 380 degrees Fahrenheit. Being the farthest planet from The Sun will do that to thee. Pluto is 4.6 Billion Earth years old. A Pluto Year is 248 Earth years, that's a little than double the lifespan of the oldest human in known history (122 Years)! The oldest animal in the world has only lived one and a half Pluto years! Pluto sure does takes its time. Pluto has moons, despite its size. Pluto's moons are Styx, Hydra, Nix, Charon & Kerberos
Pluto is a small planet, the smallest in The Solar System in fact. The entire surface area of Pluto in fact, is smaller than the surface area of the nation of Russia. Pluto has a surface area of about 16,647,940 square kilometers while Russia has a surface area of 17,075,200 square kilometer. Pluto is indeed, a small world. It is so small in fact that it has actually been classified as a Dwarf planet. So is a dwarf planet a planet? No, a Dwarf Planet does not command its part of space and does not maintain a hydrostatically equilibrious shape around its orbit of The Sun. So with that being said, Pluto is not Planet.
The Eighth and Ninth Planet
One strange fact, is that, Pluto sometimes, isn't even the last planet. Sometimes Pluto is the Eighth planet and Neptune is the Ninth. This is because for 20 Earth Years out of 248 Earth Years, Plutos orbits crosses into Neptune's orbit, making it closer to the Sun than Neptune. Now, one may ask, will Pluto crash into Neptune?! Not to worry, this will never happen because Pluto is orbits at a higher plain than Neptune, so even though their orbits clash, their heights do not.
The Roman god Pluto
Pluto inherits its named from The Roman god Pluto, The god of The Underworld and of wealth. The Greek god equivalent is Hades, The Greek god of The Underworld.
Pluto is a small ice world that is the farest from The Sun. It is cold and alone out there. It may seem even hopeless. I mean, its so small and hopeless, that it hasn't even been considered a real planet since before 2006. However, Pluto has a lot more than one might first think. Pluto has five moons while Earth has one. Pluto is very famous here are Earth and is instilled in the minds of many people and it even has people fighting for it to be called a planet again even if it seems hopeless. The same goes for us. The chips may be down for us and things may seem lost and hopeless. Don't let it get to you, for there are those out there who are rooting for you, even if you don't know. There are people who care about you and that should inspire to achieve your goals and life purpose no matter how hopeless and lonely things seem; even if you are 3.7 Billion Miles away.
Neptune is the eighth planet in The Solar System. This icy planet has an average temperature of Negative 214 degrees Celsius or Negative 353 degrees Fahrenheit. This is only naturally when your closest heat (The Sun) is 4.498 Billion Kilometers or 2.781 Million Miles away! No wonder, like Uranus, Neptune is a Ice Giant; well this is due the heavier than Hydrogen and Helium element Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen and Sulfur. A year on Neptune is 165 Earth Years! To put that into perspective, the oldest person have ever lived in known history, lived to 122 years old. Though Neptune has seen plenty of Neptune Years, due to the fact that Neptune itself is 4.503 Billion Earth Years old. This means that no human has ever lived one single Neptune year in known history! The oldest living animal in The World, The Ocean Quahog Clam can live to 507 Earth years which means, the oldest living thing on Earth, has only lived around 3 Neptune Years! If you have a New Year's resolution on Neptune, you better stick to it, it'll be the chance you have!
The Mathematical Planet
Most planets in The Solar System, were discovered the Old Fashion Way, observation. Not Neptune however. No, for Neptune was discovered Neither the naked eye nor the telescope, Neptune was discovered using Math. Years ago, when Astronomers were mapping the revolutions around The Sun by all the planets, Uranus's Calculation were off. Using Math, they discovered that this was due to another planet disturbing what the revolution was calculated to be. Using the math, they were able to locate the precise location of this planet, and when they looked at that spot, there it was, Neptune; caught red handed.
Facts about Neptune
Neptune has a mass of 1.024 X 10^26 kg and a radius of 15,299 Miles. The Ice of Neptune is slushy. Neptune's color is blue. Neptune has 14 confirmed Moons. The list of these moons are as follows: Triton, Thalassa, Naiad, Hippocamp, Proteus, Despina, Neso, Nereid, Galatea, Halimede, Laomedeia, Psamathe, Sao & Larissa.
The Roman god Neptune
Neptune is named after The Roman god Neptune who is the god of Water and The Sea. Neptune brothers were both Jupiter and Pluto. Neptunes Greek equivalent was Greek god Poseidon who was the god of The Sea, Earthquakes and Horses. An interesting about the one of the moons of the planet Neptune, Triton, is that Triton is the son of Poseidon and is the Greek demigod of The Sea.
Neptune teaches us that we may not always find the answers we are looking for by using the conventional methods. Most planets in The Solar System were discovered using the Traditional method of simple observation, either by the naked eye of through a telescope. When they went to calculate Uranus revolution around the Sun, something was off, and if they would have used the conventional method of observation, it may have taken forever to find Neptune, but since they adapted to the situation and used mathematics, they discovered a new planet. In life we must be willing to adapt in order to accomplish things that seem not to be accomplishable. This may be due to using old method that are out of date or just don't work for this particular problem. We must adjust our methods and eventually, we will find the solution.
Uranus is the seventh planet in The Solar System. It is the first of the planets that was not known by Ancient man and in fact wasn't known until 1781 A.D. In The Ancient World, Traditional Astronomy was done by the naked eye without any equipment. Now don't get me wrong, this is still a good form of Astronomy, before light pollution, Human Eyes could see quite a lot of the night sky. Just not Uranus however. Uranus was discovered via the telescope, a staple in Today's Astronomy. Today's telescope is miles better than telescope in 1781, but 1781 telescopes did discover Uranus. Bam! The seventh planet in The Solar System was canonized.
4.503 Billion Years ago, a whirling collection of dust and gas was pulled in together creating Uranus. Uranus became what is known today as , an Ice Giant. There are two Ice Giants in The Solar System, Uranus and Neptune (The eighth and next planet). An Ice Giant is a planet made of elements such as Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen & Sulfur. Uranus, and Neptune, are still Gas Giants however, but the reason they are classified as Ice Giants is because their Icy core is larger than the gas cloud surrounding the core. This is due to the heavier elements that these planets consist of. Jupiter and Saturn do not become Ice Giants and are Gas Giants because the elements they are made of are both Hydrogen and Helium which are lighter than Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur and Carbon.
Uranus is 1.784 Billion Miles from The Sun. Uranus has a radius of 15,759 Miles and a Mass of 8.681 X 10^25 kilograms. One year on Uranus is 84 Earth years and the length of a day on Uranus is 17 Earth Hours. Uranus has 27 confirmed Moons. These include Ariel, Umbriel, Titania, Oberon, Puck, Caliban, Mab, Prospero, Ferdinand, Juliet, Francisco and more. Uranus has 13 rings around it.
The Sideways Planet
The strangest fact out of all is the fact that Uranus's North-South is it's East-West and it East-West is it's North-South; Uranus is sideways. It believe that this occurred due to an Earth sized planet, colliding with Uranus at some point in time, causing it to tilt at a 97.77 degrees angle. This causes extreme seasons on Uranus where one part of the planet will not see The Sun for 21 years!
The Classical Worlds
Traditional Astronomy in The Ancient World only had six planets, The Classical Worlds. The Classical Worlds were Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Today, Uranus is canonized in The Solar System planet order and unlike Pluto, it's status is here to stay, unless it's destroyed ofcourse.
The Greek god Uranus
Uranus, like a lot of things, is first for something else. Uranus is the first planet named after Greek god and not a Roman god. The Greek god Uranus was the god of the sky. In Greek mythology he was Gaia's (Mother Earth) mate, Uranus is the reason for the first life on Earth. He was the father of The Titans, Cyclopes, Furies, Nymphs and Aphrodite. He is also known as Father Sky. He's Roman god equivalent is Caelus.
One thing that we can learn from Uranus, is that everything is not what it seems. Uranus is literally a sideways planet; and even though it is sideways and out of sync with the rest of the planets; it still continuously revolves around the sun, Uranus year after Uranus year. If we are sideways in life, we too should continue to hence forth towards our purpose in life and continue on no matter how difficult or weird things seems. Uranus can do it and so can you.
Saturn, The Sixth Planet in The Solar System and The Second Gas Giant. Saturn is also The Second Largest planet in The Solar System with a mass of 5.683 X 10^26 Kilograms and a radius of 36,184 Miles or 58233 Kilometers. Saturn is 890.8 Million Miles or 1434.6 Million Kilometers from The Sun and one year on Saturn is 29 Earth Years.
Saturn has three large rings orbiting it. Saturn's rings are made of billions of pieces of rocks, dust and ice. These pieces of Saturn's rings can be the size of a grain of sand on Earth. The rings of Saturn is it's most defining feature by far, like Jupiter's Size or Mars's Red color, The Rings of Saturn are want makes Saturn recognizable amongst the other planets in The Solar System.
The Prince of The Moons
Saturn has a confirmed 62 Moons orbiting around it. That's a few less than Jupiter so perhaps Saturn can be considered The Prince of The Moons. The list of The Major moons of Saturn included Titan, Rhea, Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione, and Lapetus. Other Moons orbiting Saturn include Atlas, Pan, Pandora, Janus, Telesto, Phoebe, Skoll and Narvi.
The Roman god Saturn
Saturn inherits its name from The Roman god of Generation, Dissolution, Plenty, Wealth, Agriculture, periodic renewal & liberation. The naming behind Saturn may be due to The Rings around Saturn which can be seen as a fashion statement of the wealthy. The Greek god equivalent is Cronus, The King of Titans and The Father of Zeus; The King of The gods. Cronus is The god of Time.
Saturn teaching us that having many rings brings you notoriety. Meaning that achieving things in life can bring you legendary status and have you engraved in the history books. Having rings or other articles of achievement shows as proof of one's conquering of goals in life and Saturn having large rings gives it a unique status in The Solar System.
The asteroid belt
In the middle of The Rock Worlds and The Gas Giants is ring of rocks known as The Asteroid belt. If you want to travel from Mars to Jupiter you first must pass through this vast array of rocks that spans 478,713,186 Kilometers or 297,458,583 Miles and has 1.9 Million Asteroids. Don't worry however, for the average distance between each Asteroid is 600,000 Miles or 965,606 Kilometers.
The Asteroid belt was built by Planetesimals which are very small protoplanets. These Planetesimals never formed into full-sized planet due to gravitational perturbations from Jupiter. This prevented the Planetesimals from growing into larger planets and perhaps some of the planetesimals later became Jupiter's moons. Imagine The Solar System instead of having 9 planets, having over a million planets, the way The Solar System works would look alot different.
The Asteroids themselves are made up of rocks and metal and are not spherical shaped like the planets are. The shapes of the asteroids are random and comes in a variety of weird shapes. One interesting fact is the theory that The Dinosaurs went extinct due to an Asteroid colliding with The Earth. A misplaced revenge for not becoming full planets in a way.
It's hard to imagine The Solar System having Millions of Worlds but one lesson that can be learned from The Asteroids is the fact that many things in life have potential and sometimes that potential isn't met to its fullest due to many factors. Many things could have happened but didn't for one reason or another. Without Jupiter we perhaps wouldn't have had an asteroid belt and many the dinosaurs wouldn't have gone extinct. With dinosaurs still on the Earth humans may have gone extinct by now. So it seems that things happen for a reason even in the natural world. Without The Asteroid belt, we may have well never existed.
Jupiter, The Biggest planet in The Solar System! With a 1.898 X 10^27 kg, Jupiter can fit 1300 Earths inside it's circumference. It's radius is 43,441 Miles or 69,912 Kilometers and a surface area of 23.71 Billion Miles squared. Jupiter is The fifth planet in The Solar System with an asthoning distance of 483.8 Million Miles or 7786006272 Kilometers from The Sun. Jupiter is 4.503 Billion Years Old and a Year of Jupiter is 12 Earth Years.
Jupiter is the first Gas Giant in The Solar System, other gas giants include Saturn, Neptune and Uranus. A Gas Giant is planet not made of solid rock or other solid material but made of a massive amount of gases like Hydrogen and Helium. Like Brown Dwarfs, Gas Giants are sometimes referred to as Failed Stars. The reason being is because Gas Giants contain elements that are commonly found in Stars like Hydrogen and Helium and Stars are too made of gas, well plasma more specifically. Though whether or not a gas giant being factually a failed star or not is still not completely known. Though Gas giant are not primarily made of sold rock, they usually do have a solid rock core underneath all that gas. Also Astronomers believe that Gas Giants start off as tiny solid icy planets that collect gas overtime and eventually became enormous balls of gas.
Jupiter is World of Chaos. Storms are occurring on Jupiter constantly and relentlessly. The Great Red Spot on Jupiter is in fact the largest storm in The Solar System. It is believed that THe Great Red Spot has existed on Jupiter since before 1665 A.D. That's a really big & long storm!
Jupiter has 79 knowns Moons orbiting it as of Today. The names of The Moons are as follows; Europa, Thebe, Metis, Ersa, Callisto, Io, Leda, Adrastea, Amalthea, Ganymede, Themisto, Himalia, Pandia, Dia, Lysithea, Elara, Euporie, S/2003 J 12, Carpo, Valetudo, Eupheme, S/2003 J 18, S/2010 J2, Thelxinoe, Euanthe, Helike, Orthosie, S/2017 J 7, S/2016 J 1, S/2017 J 3, Lacoste, S/2003 J 16, Praxidike, Harpalyke, Mneme, Hermippe, Thyone, S/2017 J 9, Ananke, Herse, Aitne, S/2017 J 6, S/2017 J1, Kale, Taygete, S/2003 J 19, Chaldene, Philophrosyne, S/2003 J 10, S/2003 J 23, Erinome, Aoede, Kallichore, S/2017 J 5, S/2017 J 8, Kalyke, Carme, Callirhoe, Eurydome, S/2017 J 2, Pasithee, S/2010 J 1, Kore, Cyliene, S/2011 J2, Eukelade, S/2017 J 1, S/2003 J 4, Pasiphae, Hegemone, Arche, Isonoe, S/2003 J 9, Eirene, Sinope, Sponde, Autonoe, S/2003 J 2, & Megaclite. With all these moons surrounding it, Jupiter can definitely be called the moon planet.
The Roman god Jupiter
Jupiter receives its name from The Roman god of Jupiter, who is known as The King of The gods, the god of The Sky & the god of Thunder. The Greek god equivalent is Zeus. Jupiter probably was named after The King of the gods due to its massive size compared to the other planets in The Solar System.
Jupiters massive size cannot be recognized by any humans with good eyesight. It's size has given it king status to the Ancients and Giant status to the contemporaries. In mythology Jupiter was known as The King of the gods and in Science it can be called The King of The Worlds.
Mars, the Red Planet, home to the Martians. Mars has been known of since as long as people have been doing Astrology or Astronomy. Mars is the fourth planet in The Solar System and was born 4.603 Billion years ago. For many years, it has been debated whether or not Mars was once a habitable planet and whether or not it may become one in the future. As of now however, it is not able to support any life on Earth without great assistance from technology.
Mars has an average temperature of -63 degrees Celsius or -81 degrees Fahrenheit way to cold for a human to live on, the livable temperature are liveable however, the high temps are 20 degrees Celsius and 68 degrees Fahrenheit. This would seem like a nice place to live, except for the fact the low temperature is -153 degrees Celsius or -243 degrees Fahrenheit. Not very habitable for humans after all.
One year of Mars is 687 Earth Days and a Day on Mars is One Earth Day and 37 Earth Minutes. Mars is 141.6 Million Miles from The Sun. While Earth's gravity rate is 9.8 m/s ^2 Mars's gravity rate is 3.711 m/s^2
World of War
Mars inherits its name from The Roman god Mars. Mars is the god of War. Mars was most likely given its name due to its Red appearance, red symbolizing the color of blood in War. With it's desert-like land, it is easy to fall under the belief that Mars might have been a planet full of life, but some great war destroyed it all. This is complete speculation if not outright fantasy, but nonetheless Mars does inspire many stories of its past, present and future.
We see it every night, every night it is biggest and brightest object in our sky, we've been on it and have studied it as long as man has looked up to the heavens, ladies and gentlemen; The Moon.
The beginning of The Moon
The Moon is 4.53 Billion Years old. The Moon is thought to come into being when a Mars-sized rock named Theia, collided with The Earth and broke into pieces into space which came together due to gravity forming the Earth revolving Moon. Today, The Moon is the only permanent Satellite to The Earth, revolving not around The Sun, but The Earth.
The Phases of The Moon
The Moon has 8 phases around The Earth. The phases of the Moon is the view we are able to see the Moon's surface due to the luminosity reflecting from the Sun. Depending on The revolution of The Moon around the Earth, determines how much of The Moon we see. The first of phases in The Moon's cycle is The New Moon, at this phase The Moon is completely black. The second phase of The Lunar cycle is The waxing crescent, The phases of the moon looks like a reverse flag of Turkey, minus the star. The third phase of The Lunar cycle is The First Quarter. At this phase you would see the right half of the moon. The fourth phase of the cycle is The Waxing Gibbous, At this phase you can see most of the moon excluding the very far left side of the moon. The fifth phase of The Lunar Cycle is The Full Moon. This is the phase where you see the whole moon, all of it is lit up for all to see. The sixth cycle of the moon is The Waning Gibbous. Like The Waxing Gibbous you will see most of the Moon except this time it will be the far right side that will be dark. The Seventh phase of The Lunar Cycle of The Third Quarter. In The third quarter you will see the left half of the Moon. The Eighth and final phase of The Lunar cycle is The Waning crescent. In the final cycle you will see the Turkey flag minus the star. The Lunar phases last about a month, hence the name Month which is named after The Moon.
The effects of The Moon
The Moon doesn't only just light up The Earth's night sky; it also causes the tides of the oceans on Earth. The gravity from The Moon pulls the waters of the Earth, forming Tidal Waves which helps spread water across The Earth. Without this, civilization and even life as we know it, would be different if even non-existent.
The Moon plays an important role in our lives here on Earth. The moon lights up our night sky and controls the tidal waves on our planet. The Moon is a necessarily key to the life of us humans and all other species on Earth. The Moon like The Sun plays a crucial role in the structure of life on Earth, The Moon in a few ways, is our friend.
Earth, The Aloha World. The planet with something we seem to be find anywhere else in The Universe, Life. No where else in The Universe have people been able to definitely say, there is complex life on that planet. We have found planet that may contain life, but we do not know for sure. For now, Earth is the planet of Life.
The Start of Earth
The Earth is 4.543 Billion Years old. Just like all Rock Worlds, Earth was formed when Gas and Dust came together due to the gravity and formed a spherical rock that revolved around The Sun. In the beginning Earth was a hot molten rock that could not support life like it does today, The Primeval Earth. Eventually however, The Earth would cool down to temperatures that are more recognizable in Today's World.
Life on Earth
When Earth cooled down enough, life began to formed. At first simple single-celled life forms like Amebas were born. Eventually though, more complex life forms were born, like Dinosaurs and Fish and Birds and eventually Humans. Today on Earth, there are about 8.7 million species of living things on Earth.
The mass of The Earth is 5.972 X 10^24 Kilograms. The Earth is 92.96 Million miles from The Sun. 70 perfect of the Earth's surface is covered in Water.
The Circle of Life on Earth is much like The Circle of Life in The Universe. Things die and things are born in its place. It's is thought that, how we live here reflects a lot of what goes on out there. We are all a part of The Universe, so this is totally normal, we are what we are a product of and as star are born, live and die, we all too do the same on Earth.
Venus, a hot rocky planet is the second closest to The Sun. Venus is in the middle of both Mercury and The Earth. It's old, it's beautiful and it will make burn you if you touch it, Venus, The Second World
A close up of The hottest planet
Venus is 4.503 Billion years old, it formed much the same way Mercury did, a large amount of gas and dust, falling under the weight of gravity in order to become a big rock that revolved around The Sun today. A year on Venus looks a lot more like a year on Earth than Mercury does, lasting 225 Earth Days. The Days on Venus however, are still very long and is still longer than a year, but not by much. A day on Venus is 243 Earth days. It's days are actually longer than Mercury's day, which are 176 Earth Days. This makes Venus very hot, hotter than Mercury in fact which is closer to The Sun than Venus is. On average Venus is 864 Degrees Fahrenheit or 462 Degrees Celsius while Mercury is 801 degrees Fahrenheit. Why s this however? This is can be chalked up to the longer days, however, Venus is farther away from The Sun than Mercury, so how can it be hotter? It's hotter because of its atmosphere. Venus's atmosphere acts as a heat vacuum, sucking in and containing the heat from The Sun, making Venus way hotter than Mercury could; Mercury doesn't even have an atmosphere, it never stood a chance in beating Venus in this bout.
The Roman goddess Venus
Venus receives its name from The Roman goddess Venus. Venus is the goddess of Love, Sex, Beauty and Fertility. Venus is the only female named planet in The Solar System. It was named Venus because of its brightness, illuminated brighter than the five other planets known at the time of it's naming. Venus's greek equivalent was Aphrodite the Greek goddess of Victory, fertility and prostitution.
Venus is the hottest planet in The Solar System. Venus proves that just because thou art closer to something hot, doesn't mean thou art necessarily the hottest object there is. It takes a lot more than proximity to The Sun in order for a planet to be hot. Atmosphere and other factors can attribute to the surface temperature of a planet and without an atmosphere, the temperature of a planet can drastically change. Venus is a hot planet, and it has its atmosphere to thank for that.
Mercury, The First World in The Solar System. The planet that is closest to The Sun. It's years are short but it's days are not.Mercury, The hot rock of speed and mythological legend. Mercury, The First World.
The First World's Start
Mercury hath been around for 35.98 Million Earth Years. 4.5 Billion years, The gas and dust that would go on to become Mercury was pulled in together by gravity. Today that gas and dust is a solid rock known as Mercury.
Mercury's Unique qualities
Mercury's close proximity to The Sun makes its years very short relative to The Earth, only lasting 88 Earth days. To put that in perspective a typical University semester is 75 Earth days. It's days must be very short, right? Strangely, no! A day of Mercury is 176 Earth days. That's right, a day of Mercury is longer than a year on Mercury. So it revolves around The Sun faster than it rotates all the way around, because of this, Mercury's Days are Extremely Hot and Mercury's Nights are Extremely cold. During a Day on Mercury, Mercury's surface temperature can reach 801 degrees Fahrenheit or 427 degrees Celsius. Mercury's surface temperature at Night can be negative 290 degrees Fahrenheit or negative 180 degrees Celsius. Mercury is a weird planet by Earth's standards.
The Roman god Mercury
The First World received its title from The Roman god Mercury, Mercurius. Mercury, in mythology, was known for being the god of shopkeeping and merchants, travelers and transporters, & thieves and tricksters. The planet like The Roman god is known for it's/his speed. The Roman god Mercury, like it Greek equivalent Hermes, was the messenger of the gods.
Mercury is a strange world that flips our very notion of days and years on it's head. It proves that The Universe does not conform to Man's set notions of time and that we shouldn't be so narrow in thought when we study Space. Space is not always what we see and when we study Space, we should consider all possibilities, for the weirdest most unlikely solution, may be the correct answer.
The Sun, The center of The Solar System. The Power of The Solar System, The Super Power to be honest. Without The Sun, there would not be The Solar System, no Mercury, no Neptune & no Earth which means, no us. The Solar Power from The Sun gives us life. No Sun, No life. Where did our Sun come from however? What are its origins? Let's see the life of The Sun.
The Origin of The Sun
The Sun is 4.603 Billion Years old. In the beginning The Sun and all the planets in The Solar System were a molecular cloud of gas and dust. Around 4.57 Billion year ago, this molecular cloud collapsed under the weight of its own gravity. The Sun was now a protostar. The Sun would remain a protostar for 100,000 Years.
The Next Stage for The Sun
The Sun after being a protostar for long while was ready for the next step. The Sun became a Tauri Star. The Sun was a berserk hot powerful star that roared solar winds across the primeval solar system. This stage is where many of the things that are in The Solar System today were created. The Sun's Tauri Star phase lasted for a scant millions of years.
The Main Sequence of The Sun
Now The Sun is all grown up. It is a full star an adult star to put it simply. The Sun is now a Main Sequence Star. This happened after The Tauri Star phase of The Sun ended. It stabilized and is now a regular Hydrogen and Helium producer colossal ball of sweltering plasma. The Sun Today make up 99.86 Percent of the mass in The Solar System, that's insane considering how big Jupiter and Saturn are alone. That makes the Earth seem small and insignificant in the grand scheme of things. In fact over one million Earths can fit inside of The Sun! The precise measurements of its mass is 1.989 X 10^30 kilograms. That's a ton of zeros! The Sun also has a radius of 432,170 Miles and it's 92.96 Million Miles away from Earth! Just to put that in perspective a Marathon race is 26.2 Miles, and the distance from New York City to Rome, Italy is a measly 4279 Miles. That's a long race to The Sun. Plus once you'd get there you would die. The surface temperature of The Sun is 5,778 degrees Kelvin which is 9941 degrees Fahrenheit and 5505 degrees Celsius. The Sun is one big scorching bright far-way over-powering element creating ball of flaming plasma.
The Future of The Sun
Our Sun is big and powerful now, but guess what. It's only going to get bigger. The Sun will eventually grow to be even greater in size than it is now. Our Sun will no longer be a Sun-Like Star, ironic to say the least, it will have become a Red Giant. It will be so large that the current position of The Earth will be inside of it. At this state in our Sun's life, it's days are number, it will have about 120 Million years left. Our Sun will be a gigantic big red ball of death.
RIP The Sun
The death will begin when the inner cores Helium begins to deteriorate and start to flash from The Sun in big powerful bursts. The Sun will begin to wane for 200 Million years and will eventually cool into a White Dwarf. The White Dwarf Sun will remain for Trillions of Years before turning off the light and becoming Black. The death of The Sun.
The thought of the thing that gives us Aloha "The Breath of Life" dying paints a meek and melancholy picture. This should not make us mournful however, for first of all, this is trillions of years away, the universe is only 13.8 Billion Years old, so this is farther away than the age of The Universe, a very long time. Also The Universe has a circle of life just like us humans. When one thing dies, something else is born. A new sun will be born somewhere in the universe and the life of the stars will continue on. Do not let the death of The Sun get thee down, for death is just a part of life and The Universe will roll on. Our Sun may die, but there are more just like it than grains of sand on Earth. That's something to be amazed and hopeful about. The Universe will continue to live on eon after eon, and so will the stars in sky.
The Solar System is system of Planets, Asteroids, Moons, and more orbiting the Sun. There are many like ours, however, this discussion will be on our own for the most part. The planetary order traditionally goes Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune & Pluto. Various planets have moons like Jupiter & Earth. Mars and Jupiter are separated by a colossal ring of rocks known as The Asteroid belt. Pluto has been classified as a dwarf planet, due to its small size and other factors. The Solar System is surrounded by a huge cluster of space dust known as the Oort Cloud. The Universe is vast and complex but that does not mean that The Solar System is small and simplistic. The Solar System itself has many unique things about it. It is worth exploring.
The Age of The Solar System
The Solar System is 4.571 Billion years old. The Universe, for scale, is only a little over three times the age of The Solar System. The Solar System is old, but it has a long way to go, for a star can live to be older than the universe currently is; 15 billion years (The Universe is 13.8 Billion Years old). Plus when a Sun-Like Star dies, a planetary nebula is born, this means in theory that The Solar System could be around indefinitely, except it wouldn't be a solar system but just a planetary system since there is not a star present.
The Sun is 4.603 Billion Years old, older than The Solar System. This only makes sense since you need a Star in order for there to be a solar system. The Sun is the center of The Solar System. Everything in The Solar System revolves around The Sun, Heliocentric. It's the big boss & what it says, goes. Without The Sun, life on Earth, could not exist. A lot of the material in The Solar System comes from The Sun. In a way, The Sun is The Solar System.
Mercury, the planet not the element, is 4.503 Billion Years Old. It is the closest to The Sun and has the fastest revolution around The Sun compared to all the other planets in The Solar System. It takes 87.97 Earth Days to make a complete orbit around The Sun. This is about Three Earth Months.
Venus is also 4.503 Billion Years Old. Venus is the hottest planet in The Solar System, due to its atmosphere, with an average temperature of a whooping 462 Degrees Celsius or 864 Degrees Fahrenheit. That'll burn the cookies in the oven and the house too.
Earth is 4.543 Billion Years Old. Older than both Mercury and Venus. Earth is the only known planet that supports life in Today's World. This is unique not just in The Solar System, but in The Whole Universe as far as we known now.
Mars is 4.603 Billion Years Old. Mars is a red planet and is believed to have once been a habitat for life itself. However, Today there is no life on Mars. One day it is believe that Mars will have life once more.
Jupiter is 4.503 Billion Years Old like Mercury and Venus. Jupiter is the largest of all the planets and can fit 1300 Earths inside it's boundaries. Jupiter is a planet made of gas and it is unknown if it has a solid core or not. So far Jupiter has 79 known Moons orbiting it while the Earth has one.
Saturn is 4.503 Billion Years Old just like Jupiter, Mercury and Venus. Saturn is a gas giant like Jupiter. Saturn has gigantic rings orbiting it.
Uranus is 4.503 Billion Years Old just like Jupiter, Mercury, Venus and Saturn. Uranus is a gas giant like Jupiter and Saturn. Uranus is tilted to where it's poles are East and West. Uranus has rings like Saturn but unlike Saturn's near Horizontal rings, Uranus's rings are vertical.
Neptune is 4.503 Billion Years Old just like Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Mercury and Uranus. Neptune is an ice giant. Neptune is a deep blue like the deep blue sea the Roman god Neptune who it was named after swam in.
Pluto is 4.46 to 4.6 Billion years old. Pluto is the smallest planet in The Solar System. So small that it has been classified as a dwarf planet. Pluto has five moons. Pluto is the coldest planet with an average temperature of Negative 229 degrees Celsius or Negative 380 degrees fahrenheit; perfect place to store food, of course if you are willing to travel 2.66 Billion Miles to 4.67 Billion Miles to get to it.
The Universe is vast and has maybe unique phenomenons in it. The Solar System, yet small in scope to The Universe, has its own unique things about it that makes it worth exploring and studying for many eons to come.
'Astronomy' page explores aspects of Astronomy, Philosophy, Spacelore and other topics about The Universe!