The Eye of Sauron, also known as NGC 4151, UGC 7166 and PGC 38739, is an Intermediate Spiral Seyfert Galaxy, located inside Canes Venatici Constellation (Hunting Dog Constellation). An Intermediate Spiral Seyfert Galaxy is a combination of an Intermediate Spiral Galaxy, a galaxy that is in between both a barred spiral galaxy and an unbarred spiral galaxy and a Seyfert Galaxy, one of the two largest groups of active galaxies, with the other type bring quasars. Seyfert Galaxies have quasar-like nuclei with very high surface brightnesses whose spectra reveal Powerful, high-ionisation emission lines, however, unlike quasars, their host galaxies are clearly detectable. The Eye of Sauron is 61.97 Million Light Years from Earth and is 13.25 Billion Years Old. The Eye of Sauron has a mass of around 50 Million Solar Masses & it gets it's nickname, Eye of Sauron, due to its similarity to looks of that of The Eye of Sauron from The Lord of The Rings Trilogy.
Profile on Eye of Sauron
The Eye of Sauron Galaxy was discovered in March of 1787 by German-Born British Astronomer William Herschel. It is believed that in The Eye of Sauron, a Supermassive Black Hole is increasing in size, with the mass of around 40 Million Solar Masses. The energy released by the celestial material going inside The Supermassive Black Hole in an accretion disk created an outflow of gas from the surface of the disk.
The Sunflower Galaxy, also known as Messier 63, M63, NGC 5055, PGC 46153 amd UGC 8334, is a Spiral Galaxy located in Canes Venatici Constellation (Hunting Dogs Constellation). The Sunflower Galaxy gets its name from it's similar look to that of the bud of a Sunflower. The Sunflower Galaxy is 29.3 Million Light Years from Earth and is 13.28 Billion Years old. The Sunflower Galaxy has a mass of approximately 110 Billion Solars mass and a radius of 49,000 Light Years.
Profile of Messier 63
The Sunflower Galaxy was discovered by French Astronomer Pierre Méchain and was confirmed by another French Astronomer, Charles Messier, in June of 1779. Messier 63 has 400 Billion Stars within its bounds and is 850 fold the mass of The Sun. The Sunflower Galaxy is in fact, a weakly active galaxy, Low-ionization Nuclear Emission-line Region (LINER) nucleus; which basically means that it's center isn't a lumonist as a Normal Active Galaxy. The Sunflower Galaxy is a member of the M51 Group, a group of galaxies located inside The Canes Venatici Constellation. Some of the other galactic members of this group are The Whirlpool Galaxy, NGC 5023 & NGC 5229.
Medusa Merger, also known as NGC 4194, UGC 7241, PGC 39068, ARP 160 or Medusa Galaxy Merger, is a Galaxy located inside of The Ursa Major Constellation (Big Bear Constellation, Big Dipper). The Medusa Merger is a region in The Eye of Medusa Nebula where Extreme Star Formation occurs. The Medusa Merger is 128.8 Million Light Years from Earth.
The Medusa Merger was not alway one. Once in a blue moon, The Medusa Merger was two different celestial objects until one day, an Early Galaxy merged with a smaller gas system and was fused in one, The Medusa Merger.
Magnets, they stick together when a Positively Charged side and a Negatively Charged Side face each other. All who graduated Elementary School should know this basic fact. These magnets and even the ones on thy refrigerator are actually quite weak when compared with a Magnetar. A Magnetar a Neutron Star with a Super Extremely Powerful Magnetic Field.
The Magnetar can have a magnetic field range of 100,000,000,000,000 gauss to 10,000,000,000,000,000 gauss or 10,000,000,000 Tesla to 1,000,000,000,000 Tesla. A gauss sometimes symbolized as G or Gs, is a cgs unit of measurement named after German Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss. A Tesla, symbolized by T, is a unit of magnetic induction used in The International System of Units named after the Serbian-American inventor Nikola Tesla. A Magnetar's magnetic field will decay in Power of the emissions of X Rays and Gamma Rays overtime. Like Normal Neutron Stars, Magnetars are also usually 20 Kilometers or 12 Miles in diameter and are twofold as massive as The Sun in our Solar System.
The Powerful First Discovery
The First Magnetar was discovered in March of 1979. At this time on the fifth of March, two Soviet Union space probes (unmanned) were struck by an Awesome Blast made of Gamma Radiation. The reading of radiation on the two probes, Venera 11 and Venera 12, in the timespan of a millisecond, went from 100 counts per second to 200,000 counts per second! An almost Instant change. Eleven seconds later, The Awesome Blast of Gamma Rays Attacked The Nasa Space Probe, Helios 2. The Blast was 100 fold that of a Solar burst from The Sun! This blast was discovered to being coming from Galaxy, Large Magellanic Cloud. The preparater, SGR 0525-66. The First Magnetar was discovered. This event would go on to be known as GRB790305b.
The Comet Galaxy, also known as 2dFGRS TGS132Z144, EQ J235144-260358, LEDA 3234374, VCC 1217 & IC 3418, is a Spiral Galaxy located inside The Sculptor Constellation. The Comet Galaxy is 3.2 Billion Light Years from Earth. 2dFGRS TGS132Z144 has a mass of 100 Million Solar Masses and a length of 600,000 Light Years.
Profile of Comet Galaxy
The Comet Galaxy was discovered in March of 2007 by The Hubble Space Telescope. It was located inside a Galaxy Cluster known as Abell 2667. As of Today, The Comet Galaxy is being torn apart by The Galaxy Cluster, Abell 2667. The Tidal forces are pulling away The Comet Galaxy's star like The Ocean being pulled on Earth by The Moon, Luna. It is believed that this process of tearing apart The Comet Galaxy will take up to One Billion Years and that at the time of The Hubble Space Telescope's observation of The Comet Galaxy, that the process is already 200 Million Year into the making of this calamity for The Comet Galaxy.
A cruel fate for such a beautiful galaxy. But as the old saying goes, 'Not everything last forever'. All things eventually end or transform into something different. The Milky Way Galaxy will eventually collide with The Andromeda Galaxy, The Sun will become a Red Giant & The Earth once had Dinosaurs. Things change and die out, it is the natural process of The Universe and The Comet Galaxy is no exception.
The Cigar Galaxy, by another name is called Messier 82, M82, NGC 3034, UGC 5322, Arp 337, PGC 28655, 3C 231, is a Starburst Galaxy, like The Baby Boom Galaxy, inside The Ursa Major Constellation, like The Pinwheel Galaxy. The Cigar Galaxy gets its distinct name from it resemblance to that of a Cigar and Cigarette. The Cigar Galaxy is located 12.4 Million Light Years from Earth. Messier 82 has a radius of 60 Light Years and a mass of 2400 Billion Solar Masses.
Profile of Cigar Galaxy
The Cigar Galaxy was discovered on December 31st, 1774, by German Astronomer Johann Elert Bode. Johann described Messier 82 as a Nebulous Patch with a very pale and elongated shape. The Cigar Galaxy is 13.24 Billion Years Old and has around 1 trillion Stars. Before 2005, NGC 3034 was believed to be an irregular galaxy but two symmetrical spiral arms were discovered with Near-Infrared (NIR) images. One Supernova located inside of The Cigar Galaxy is SN 2014J which is classified as a Type 1A Supernova. SN 2014J was discovered in January of 2014.
The Fireworks Galaxy, also known as NGC 6946, Caldwell 12, UGC 11597, PGC 65001 & Arp 29, is an Intermediate Spiral Galaxy located inside The Cepheus Constellation & The Cygnus Constellation. A Intermediate Spiral Galaxy is a blend of Barred Spiral Galaxy and a Regular Spiral Galaxy. Caldwell 12 is 25.2 Million Light Years from Earth. The Fireworks Galaxy has a diameter of 40,000 Light Years & a radius of 20,000 Light Years.
Profile of Fireworks Galaxy
NGC 6946 was discovered in September of 1798 by German-Born British Astronomer William Herschel. The Fireworks Galaxy has a bit under 100 Billion Stars and 10 Supernovae. The Supernovae in The Fireworks Galaxy are SN 1917A, SN 1939C, SN 1948B, SN 1968D, SN 1969P, SN 1980K, SN 2002hh, SN 2004et,SN 2008S, and SN 2017eaw. Multiple weird astronomical objects hath been observed within The Fireworks Galaxy, which includes The Red Ellipse along one of the northern arms that is similar to a super bubble or a colossal Supernova remnant.
The Leo Galaxy, also named The Lion Galaxy, Leo 1, A10006, UGC, PGC 29488, DDO 74, Regulus Dwarf & Harrington-Wilson #1, is Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy located in The Leo Constellation (The Lion Constellation). Leo I has a distance of 820,000 Light Years from Earth. The Leo Galaxy has a diameter of 2000 Light Years and a mass of 0.02 Billion Solar Masses.
Profile of Leo 1
Leo I was discovered in 1950 by American Astronomer Albert George Wilson. Harrington-Wilson #1 was discovered using photographic plates of The National Geographic Society - Palomar Observatory Sky Survey. Leo 1 can also go by the name Regulus Dwarf due to it's proximity to Regulus, The Brightest object in The Leo Constellation.
The Cartwheel Galaxy, which also goes by the title ESO 350-40, PGC 2248 or MCG-06-02-022a, is a Ring Galaxy & Lenticular Galaxy located inside The Sculptor Constellation. A Ring Galaxy is a Galaxy with a Circle-like appearance. A Lenticular Galaxy is a galaxy that is a mixture of an elliptical galaxy and a spiral galaxy. The Cartwheel Galaxy has a distance of 500 Million Light Years from Earth with a diameter of 130,000 Lightyears and a mass of 3.85 Billion Solar Masses.
Profile of ESO 350-40
The Cartwheel Galaxy was discovered in 1941 by Swiss Astronomer Fritz Zwicky. Zwicky considered his discovery, The Cartwheel Galaxy, "One of the most complicated structures awaiting its explanation on the basis of stellar dynamics". The Cartwheel Galaxy has a Billion Stars inside of its borders. Once Upon a Time, The Cartwheel Galaxy was a Standard Normal Common Spiral Galaxy until one day, 200 Million Years ago, it collided with another galaxy and formed into what it is Today.
The Pinwheel Galaxy, also known as Messier 101, M101 and NGC 5457, is located inside The Ursa Major Constellation(Big Bear Constellation or Big Dipper). Messier 101 is a Spiral Galaxy that is 170,000 Light Years in diameter and a mass of around 1000 Billion Solar Masses. The Pinwheel Galaxy is 21 Million Light Years from Earth. In August 2011, A Type 1A Supernova was discovered inside of The Pinwheel Galaxy who was named SN 2011fe.
Profile of M101
The Pinwheel Galaxy was discovered in 1781 by French Astronomer Pierre Méchain who gave it the description, Nebula without a Star. Messier 101 has around 1 trillion stars within its parameters. Other name for The Pinwheel Galaxy are UGC 8981, PGC 50063 & Arp 26. The tidal forces of neighbor galaxies which are NGC 5204, NGC 5474, NGC 5477, NGC 5585 & Holmberg V, make Messier 101 asymmetrical and causes compressed INterstellar Hydrogen Gas which in turn births new stars. The Pinwheel Galaxy is around 21 Million Years.
Messier 87, also known as Virgo A, M87 or NGC 4486, is located with The Virgo Constellation. Messier 87 is 53.49 Million Light Years from Earth. M87 has a radius of 60 Light Years and a mass of 2,400 Billion Solar Masses.Virgo A is 13.24 Billion Earth Years old.
Profile of Virgo A
Messier 87 is a Supergiant Elliptical Galaxy with 1 Trillion Stars. Messier 87 was discovered in 1781 by French Astronomer Charles Messier. Charles Messier is known for publishing astronomy catalogue that contain 110 Nebulae plus faint star clusters. Messier is best known for Messier objects in space being titled after his surname. The first Black Hole ever photographed was The Black Hole located inside Messier 87.
Large Magellanic Cloud also known as LMC is a Milky Way Galaxy Satellite Galaxy located within both The Dorado Constellation (Dolphinfish Constellation/Swordfish Constellation) and The Mensa Constellation(Table Constellation). It is a Satellite Galaxy of our galaxy, The Milk Way Galaxy, as in like The Moon to Earth, Large Magellanic Cloud is a Satellite of The Milky Way Galaxy. LMC is 163 Kilo Light Years from Earth or 50 kiloparsecs from Earth. Large Magellanic Cloud has diameter of 14,000 Lightyears and a mass of 10 Billion Solar Masses. Large Magellanic Cloud is the second to third closest galaxy to The Milky Way Galaxy.
Profile of LMC
Large Magellanic Cloud is a Magellanic Spiral Galaxy. A Magellanic Spiral Galaxy is a galaxy that is va dwarf galaxy with only one spiral arm. LMC was once believed to be considered a barred dwarf spiral galaxy. LMC has 30 Billion Stars. Large Magellanic Cloud was discovered by Persian Astronomer 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi Shirazi or Azophi in 964 A.D. Today Large Magellanic Cloud is going through a phase of strenuous Powerful star formation. LMC and Canis Major Overdensity are disputed in whether who is second or third closest known galaxy to that of our galaxy.
The Whirlpool Galaxy also known as Messier 51A or M51A or NGC 5194 is located in the Canes Venatici Constellation also called The Hunting Dogs Constellation. The Whirlpool Galaxy is 23 Million Light Years from Earth and has a diameter of 76 Thousand Lightyears. The Whirlpool Galaxy can be easily seen by Rookie Astronomers. The Whirlpool Galaxy, NGC 5194 has a companion Galaxy that also can be seen easily named NGC 5195.
Profile of The Whirlpool Galaxy
The Whirlpool Galaxy is a Spiral Galaxy discovered in 1773 by Charles Messier, a French Astronomer whose name is used to title many known galaxies in The Universe including The Whirlpool Galaxy itself i.e. Messier 51A. M51A is 76% the size of our own Galaxy, The Milky Way Galaxy. THe Whirlpool Galaxy is thought to have a mass of 160 Billion Solar Masses ( M ☉). The Whirlpool Galaxy is believed to have 100 Billion Stars. The reason behind the whirlpool shape of Messier 51A is believed to be caused by its companion galaxy NGC 5195. Today The Whirlpool Galaxy is thought to be going through an era of accelerated star growth.
Pulsars, Pulses from Neutron Stars & Quasars, Pulses from Black Hole. Balzars or Blazors are Active galactic nucleus that with a jet comprised ionized matter, is directed at the observer on Earth. A Blazor comes from The Center of a Galaxy that contains a Supermassive Black Hole. The Ionized matter itself travels at near light speed toward the observer.
The First Blazar was discovered in the late 1950s via Radio Astronomy. The Blazor is a Powerful source of energy emission all across the electromagnetic spectrum. The Blazar comes in two categories, The BL Lac Objects & The Optically Violently Variation (OVV) quasars. In visible-wavelength images, almost all blazars are seen to be compact and like a dot, but high resolution images have revealed that Blazors are located at the centers of elliptical galaxies. Large one's with Supermassive Black Holes to be exact. The Blazor is powered by the matter fallout of The Supermassive Black Hole in The Center of The Elliptical Galaxy.
The Baby Boom Galaxy also known as EQ J100054+023435 or The Extreme Stellar Machine, discovered in 2008 by The Hubble Space Telescope & Japan's Subaru Telescope in Hawaii on top of Mauna Kea, is a Starburst Galaxy. A Starburst Galaxy is a galaxy that is experiencing a massive rate of the formation of new stars. The Baby Boom Galaxy is in fact The World Record holder for Brightest Starburst Galaxy. That is the reason behind it's naming, The Baby Boom Galaxy, since it is literally booming baby stars!
Baby Boom Profile
The Baby Boom Galaxy is located with The Sextans Constellation. Ironic to saw the least, for it takes sex in order to have a 'Baby Boom", and I'm not translating the Latin word for Six. The Baby Boom Galaxy is 12.2 Billion Light Years away from us. The observable colors of The Baby Boom Galaxy are Red, Blue, Green & Yellow. Within One Earth Year, moire than 4,000 new stars are born and a lot of them are born all at once. A star is born on average every 2.2 Earth Hours!
The Baby Boom Galaxy producing a lot of new stars. In life, producing a good amount of offspring brings great purpose in one's life. It gives meaning and responsibility as well. Without offspring, a species will cease to exist. And without many offspring, the advancement of the species, especially mankind, will not grow as fast. For many minds having goals and purposes is an overall good for humanity and The World. Every person has their purpose, it is up to them to find out what that purpose may be. One thing is for sure, having and raising kids brings great purpose to man and woman alike, across all species even plants. So the question is begged, what is your purpose?
The Triangulum Galaxy, other names being Messier 33 & NGC 598, is a Spiral Galaxy located within The Triangulum Constellation. The Triangulum Galaxy is 2.73 Million Light Years from Planet Earth. The Triangulum Galaxy is the smallest of a local group of other galaxies that are satellites to The Andromeda Galaxy. If thou hast 20/20 Vision, then ye can actually see The Triangulum Galaxy, granted it that isn't any light pollution in the night sky. The Triangulum Galaxy was discovered by Italian Astronomer Giovanni Battista Hodierna sometime before 1654.
Triangulum Galaxy Profile
The Triangulum Galaxy has Mass of 5 X 10^10 Solar Masses and has a diameter of around 60,000 Lightyears. The Triangulum Galaxy has around 40 Billion Star within it bounds.
The World, since The Start of The World has been in Astronomy. As long as Man has been on Earth, they have look to the Stars and Worlds for curiosity and understanding of their own World.
Traditional Astronomy is Basically Done by simply looking up with thy Naked Eyes and Observing what is in Space, whether day or night. Traditional Astronomy or Astrology, as it was called in The Ancient World and Classical World, was indeed functional. It helped Ancient man determine Seasons and when Day and Night fell. Now the calendars of the past before The Julian Calendar and Gregorian Calendar were pretty inaccurate, they still gave a general idea of when the seasons began and ended. Our own eyes, unless they have a vision error, are pretty good at observing the night sky. Now, with Today's World's light pollution, our eyes may not be able to see as much as in days past, our eyes are still really good at observing star formation without the assistance of Telescopes and other technology. In this Ancient days, we were able to notice the difference between Stars and Planets, and we were able to see six out of eight of the planets in The Solar System.
Let us not forget, that Astronomy was done in the past without Telescope and such. It was done by our own abilities. One can still look to the sky and discover things on thy own. Do not be discourage to explore even if ye do not hath the advance Super Powerful Technology. One's own ability is sufficient enough to discover many things in The World!
Imagine, thou art one million light years away from a destination that thou desire to be. If ye were to travel at light speed towards it, ye would never live long enough to get there before thy passing. It seems as though it is impossible to get there in thine lifespan. Now, what if I said there was a sort of, Cheat Code to get there faster? A tunnel to travel to thy destination faster that would cut the distance down significantly. This is what is called, a Wormhole.
Traveling in a Wormhole
A Wormhole, also known as Einstein-Rosen Bridge or Einstein-Rosen Wormhole, is a theoretical tunnel in SpaceTime that connect two points in SpaceTime that are of further distance without the Wormhole. If one would enter into the Wormhole, one would exit the Wormhole in a totally alien part of space relative to that of the Entrance Point. Now though the wormhole is completely speculative at this point in The World, it does match up well with The General Theory of Relativity. Some of Scientist think that a wormhole is simply a projection of the 4th dimension, analogous to how a 2D being could experience only part of a 3D object. Theoretically, a wormhole is be the answer to traveling faster than The Speed of Light!
Imagine a tunnel that can take thee to a place in space billions of lightyears away from where thou art now. Would thee take the opportunity or would thou pass? It is up to the brave and curious to take the leap into the unknown. For the unknown is what keep man alive and thriving. The Curious nature has put of on the top in The World. It perhaps will do the same in The Universe. But it is up to us, to take the chance and advance more and more and conquer The Universe and Beyond!
Super, is a word that describes Power, Big, Strong, Extra. The definition for Super in The Oxford Dictionary is Extremely Good. The word Massive describe that of something Big, Large, Giant, Colossal, etc. The Oxford definition of Massive is Extremely Large or Serious. A Black Hole according to The Oxford Dictionary is "an area in space that nothing, not even light, can escape from, because gravity (= the force that pulls objects in space towards each other) is so strong there". Now what do we get when we combine all of these words into something real? A Supermassive Black Hole. But, what is a Supermassive Black Hole and when does it happen?
Supermassive Black Hole
A Supermassive Black Hole is known as The most gigantic of the types of Black Holes. These Supermassive Black Holes are gigantic, and it is believed that they are in the center of a Large Galaxy including our own, The Milky Way Galaxy. Now just because it's bigger, doesn't mean it is more powerful. Supermassive Black Holes are believed to have less gravitational force than that of a common Black Hole. So it may be bigger, but it ain't better. Nay, for yes, it may hold an entire galaxy together, but a regular ole joe smoe Black Hole is indeed, stronger than a Supermassive Black Hole. A Supermassive Black Hole is formed when one Black Hole consumes enough of other Black Holes and matter, becoming larger and larger until it finally becomes large enough to be classified a Supermassive Black Hole.
The Supermassive Black Hole shows usv that just because something is bigger, doesn't mean it is stronger or better. There is a Biblical Story of both David and Goliath. Goliath is a colossal Giant, while David is mere young man. It like a Parrot versus a T Rex. That does not stop David however, from defeating Goliath. Sometimes, smaller things have a much greater force than larger things. Think of a bullet as opposed to a spear. While yes, the spear is larger, the bullet is much more deadly. It all depends on how it is used, and how it functions. Bigger is not always Better.
In Ancient China, a Solar Eclipse was thought to be a Sun Eating Dragon, so what was a Lunar Eclipse? A Sun Reviving Phoenix? Not likely. At least there is no written record of that being the belief. A Lunar Eclipse like A Solar Eclipse, has to do with The Sun, The Earth, The Moon & The Position of The Trio
A Solar Eclipse is when The Moon cover The Sun's Position completely, The Opposite would be deadly, however, a semi opposite does happen. It's called a Lunar Eclipse. A Lunar Eclipse is when The Moon gets no shine from The Sun because it is completely on the opposite side of The Earth from our vision. Only the light from The Earth, shows it's even there.
The Lunar Eclipse, Like The Black Hole and Dark Matter, shows us that just because ye cannot see something, that does not mean it isn't there. We know of and feel wind. Can we see wind? How about our Skeletons, we know we have them, but can we see them? There are things that cannot be seen but are known to be, emotions for example. And sometimes, it's the invisible things that are the most important.
Thousands of years ago in Ancient China, there was a Tradition of stopping a Dragon from devouring The Sun. One random day, The Sun would just be sitting there, minding it own business in the morning sky, and then all of a sudden, it would go dark. A Dragon was eating it! The peoples of Ancient China, did not take this lightly. They made noise! They screamed at The Dragon and caused a ruckus to scare The Dragon away. This always worked, but why did this work every single time?
Was there really a Sun-Eating Dragon in the sky, and did The People of Ancient China really have any effect on the course of this event? No to both questions. The people had absolutely no control on the event and there was no a Sun-Eating Dragon; because instead of a Dragon, was, The Moon. This particular event, they confused for a Dragon eating The Sun, is what is known in Today's World, as a Solar Eclipse. A Solar Eclipse is when The Moon, Luna, moves completely in front of The Sun from our direct sky view. This causing The Sun's Shine to be covered causes a brief night time. A Solar Eclipse can last up to 7 minutes and 31 seconds long. Definitely not a long enough night to get the recommended eight hours of sleep a man needs. Not to worry, the real night time will come later. Solar Eclipses occur on around The World about every 18 months though in some part of The World, it only occurs once every 360 to 420 years.
So it's not a Dragon eating The Sun, it's just the Moon covering it's shine. Old ideas are not dumb ideas, but with limited knowledge, one can only think of so much. As we grow as a species, we continue to improve our broad range our collective knowledge. We may 'know' a lot of things today, that in the future, may be wrong. We must not let certain knowledge be absolute. For once we were screaming at Dragons, and now, we view the same event with awe. What is fact today, can be fantasy tomorrow. Always remember to continue to improve, and we will continue to know more and more about The World.
The Most common talked about Alien is The Grey Alien, but in a close second, is The Green Alien. Also known as Little Green Men, are very similar in aesthetic feature, that of The Greys, with the differences being, a shorter height and instead of grey, are green.
The Start of The Green Alien
The First reports of Green Aliens come from The 1950's in The United States of America. Reports of UFO flying saucers with 'Little Green Men' became a Popular UFO sighting in The 50's. Today it is believe that both The Greys and Green Aliens, are being tested in a government territory known as Area 51.
There are, just like The Greys, believe to be multiple home planets for The Green Alien. One such place, just like The Greys, is Planet X, The Tenth Planet. Planet X is believe to be a tenth planet in The Solar System that is on a collision course straight to Earth. Another home area, is Alpha Centauri; a Star system 4.37 Light Years from Earth.
Quasars, also known as QSo or Quasi-Stellar Objects, is an Powerful luminous active galactic nucleus (AGN). The AGN occurs when, a gaseous accretion disk surrounds a Supermassive Black Hole that is millions to billions fold the size of The Sun. The gaseous accretion disk plummets into The Supermassive Black Hole producing tons of energy called electromagnetic radiation. The Super Power produced by a Quasar is colossal and The Top Powerful Quasars produce a luminosity multi thousandfold that of a Galaxy.
Quasars were first discovered in The Late 1950's via The All-Sky Radio Surveys with the first two being 3C 48 & 3C 273. In 1960, Hundreds of Quasars were discovered that year alone. These discoveries were recorded in the Third Cambridge Catalogue. In 1963, The ID of 3C 48 as an olptical object was confirmed. IN The 1970's it was discovered that not all quasars were Super Powerful as initially researched in the earlier years.
Subtypes of Quasars
The taxonomic scheme of Quasars come in many varieties of different subtypes. Some of these are:
- Broad Absorption-line Quasars or (BAL) Quasars are those quasars that display a broad amount of absorption lines that are blue shifted to that of it's own rest frame. This is a result of the gas flowing out of the active nucleus in the direction of the observer.
- Optically Violent Variable or (OVV) Quasars are those that are radio-loud and have The Jet are pointed toward the observer.
- Radio-Loud Quasars are quasars with Powerful Jets that are intense sources of radio-wavelength emission.
- Radio-Quiet Quasars are quasars less powerful jets, with weaker radio emission than that of the radio-loud Quasars.
- Red Quasars are quasars with optical colors that are redder than normal and this is thought to be because of moderate amounts of dust within the quasar host galaxy.
- Type II Quasars are quasars where the accretion disk and broad emission lines are highly obscured by a dense amount of gas and dust
- Weak Emission Line Quasars are quasars that have a hard to make out emission lines of that of the ultraviolet/optical spectrum.
Name of Quasars
A few of the names of confirmed Quasars are 3C 48, 3C 273, Einstein Cross, Twin Quasar, Triple Quasar, Cloverfield, Teacup Galaxy, Webster LQG & QQQ J1519+0627
The Sombrero Galaxy, also known as Messier Object 104, Messier 104, M104, UGC293, PGC 42407 and NGC 4594 is located inside The Virgo Constellation in Earth's Night Sky. The Sombrero Galaxy is a Lenticular Galaxy which is a galaxy that is a mixture a Spiral Galaxy & Elliptical Galaxy. The Sombrero Galaxy was discovered in May 1781 by French Astronomer Pierre Méchain.
The Sombrero Galaxy is 31.1 Million Light Years from The Aloha World, Earth and has a diameter of 49,000 Light Years. The Sombrero Galaxy is defined by its large Sombrero-like appearance with a large disk of dust surrounding it's perimeters. This dust ring is the primary source for stars in The Sombrero Galaxy. The Nucleus of The Sombrero Galaxy is classified as a LINER of Low-ionization nuclear emissions-line region. A LINER is a spectre that has weak ionized particles of O, O+, N+ & S+. In the center of The Sombrero Galaxy, is a Supermassive Black Hole. This was discovered in The 1990's by a research team under The Leadership of John Kormendy using spectroscopy data from The Hubble Space Telescope and The Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). There are around 100 Billion Star within The borders of The Sombrero Galaxy.
Ever Since The Start of The World and mankind, man hath seeked to reach the far reaches of Space. The Mystery has intrigued like minds all over The World. Astronomy is as old as time, we even have used it to determine time, seasons, and more. It has been crucial for the survival and advancement of the human species. This desire to explore space has not only led to the advancement of human beings, but it has led us to space itself.
The First Space Travel
In The Mid-20th Century, a Race was happening, a Space Race. One against The World Super Powers of America and The USSR. The Space Race was a race to see who would have Ultimate Space Travel Supremacy. On April 12th, 1961, The man to ever enter Space, entered Space. Cosmonaut Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin, a soviet cosmonaut was the first man in space. He remained in Space for 89 minutes. 8 years later, The USA landed a man on the moon
Space Travel in Today's World or in The Future
Today's World's Space Travel is limited to Professional Astronauts from NASA and companies like SpaceX. We have yet to put a man on a different planet but there are plans in the future to go to Mars and even colonize it. Commercial Space Travel at this point seems to be very possible in the near future. The World Aloha believes that not only will we leave the Universe one day, but humans will travel to different galaxies and beyond.
'Astronomy' page explores aspects of Astronomy, Philosophy, Spacelore and other topics about The Universe!