The World, since The Start of The World has been in Astronomy. As long as Man has been on Earth, they have look to the Stars and Worlds for curiosity and understanding of their own World.
Traditional Astronomy is Basically Done by simply looking up with thy Naked Eyes and Observing what is in Space, whether day or night. Traditional Astronomy or Astrology, as it was called in The Ancient World and Classical World, was indeed functional. It helped Ancient man determine Seasons and when Day and Night fell. Now the calendars of the past before The Julian Calendar and Gregorian Calendar were pretty inaccurate, they still gave a general idea of when the seasons began and ended. Our own eyes, unless they have a vision error, are pretty good at observing the night sky. Now, with Today's World's light pollution, our eyes may not be able to see as much as in days past, our eyes are still really good at observing star formation without the assistance of Telescopes and other technology. In this Ancient days, we were able to notice the difference between Stars and Planets, and we were able to see six out of eight of the planets in The Solar System.
Let us not forget, that Astronomy was done in the past without Telescope and such. It was done by our own abilities. One can still look to the sky and discover things on thy own. Do not be discourage to explore even if ye do not hath the advance Super Powerful Technology. One's own ability is sufficient enough to discover many things in The World!
'Astronomy' page explores aspects of Astronomy, Philosophy, Spacelore and other topics about The Universe!